Investing in Youth: Japan

image of Investing in Youth: Japan

The present report on Japan is the seventh report in the Investing in Youth series. In three statistical chapters, the report provides an overview of the labour market situation of young people in Japan, presents a portrait of young people who are not in employment, education or training (the NEETs) and analyses the income situation of young people in Japan. Two policy chapters provide recommendations on how Japan can improve the school-to-work transition of disadvantaged young people, and on how employment, social and training programmes can help the NEETs find their way back into education or work.

Earlier reviews in the same series have looked at youth policies in Brazil (2014), Latvia and Tunisia (2015), Australia, Lithuania and Sweden (2016).



Assessment and policy options

Japan faces the challenge of a shrinking and rapidly ageing population. After decades of rapid growth, the size of Japan’s population started declining in 2010, and it is projected to fall by almost 25% by 2050. The median age of the population is expected to rise to 53 years. Decades of low fertility and greater longevity have been the main causes for this process. Limited immigration is another contributing factor.


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