International Migration Outlook 2022

image of International Migration Outlook 2022

The 2022 edition of International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and the labour market inclusion of immigrants in OECD countries. It also monitors recent policy changes in migration governance and integration in OECD countries. This edition includes a special chapter on the policy responses by OECD countries to the large inflow of refugees from Ukraine as well as a series of three short chapters on international students analysing respectively recent trends, attraction and retention policies as well as the economic impact of international students. The Outlook also includes country notes and a detailed statistical annex.

English Also available in: French


In 2020, 3 400 new immigrants obtained a residence permit longer than 12 months in Latvia (excluding EU citizens), ‑53.8% compared to 2019. This figure comprises 51.2% labour migrants, 22.3% family members (including accompanying family), 19.9% who came for education reasons and 6.6% other migrants. Around 500 short-term permits were issued to international students and 800 to temporary and seasonal labour migrants (excluding intra-EU migration). In addition, 2 600 intra-EU postings were recorded in 2020, a decrease of ‑49% compared to 2019. These posted workers are generally on short-term contracts.

English Also available in: French


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