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International Migration Outlook 2016

image of International Migration Outlook 2016

The 2016 edition of the International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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Portugal

Overall net migration remained negative (30 100 persons) in 2014, though the number is slightly more favourable than in 2012 and 2013 (37 300 and 36 200, respectively). A continuous decline in foreign immigration began in 2009, reflecting the impact of the economic crisis. The crisis saw a rise in -Portuguese labour emigration after 2008, reaching 53 800 long-term emigrants in 2013 but falling to 49 600 in 2014. If short-term emigrants are included the total outflow continued the increase, from 128 100 in 2013 to 134 600 in 2014, of which 93% are of working age (15-64 years old). This is a level similar to that during the intense Portuguese emigration cycle to Europe of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Two-thirds go to EU27 destinations and around 96% of emigrants are Portuguese citizens. Although 70% of the emigrants are male, the proportion of women is growing, both in permanent and temporary outflows, being much more educated than men: the bulk of female emigrants are highly qualified (48%), against a -preponderance of low educated male emigrants (above 61%).

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