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International Migration Outlook 2016

image of International Migration Outlook 2016

The 2016 edition of the International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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Labour market outcomes of recent migrants and integration policies in OECD countries

The first part of this chapter examines the evolution of migrants’ labour market outcomes over the last years (mainly 2011-15). Particular attention is given to recent migrants, exploring how their labour market outcomes differ from settled migrants and from native-born persons. The discussion highlights cross-country patterns and sometimes diverging trends observed for recent and settled migrants. Results indicate that recent migrants face more difficult labour market conditions than settled migrants.The second part of this chapter discusses recent changes in integration policies in OECD countries, with a focus on those meant to enhance the efficiency of the integration process and make optimal use of the skills of recent flows of persons in need of protection. Some of these changes have been directly targeted at the growing numbers of asylum seekers and refugees, while others will be to the benefit of all migrants.

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