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International Migration Outlook 2016

image of International Migration Outlook 2016

The 2016 edition of the International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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Finland

According to Statistics Finland, total net immigration decreased by 2 000 persons to +16 000 in 2014. This is due to a larger net emigration of Finnish citizens (from -1 600 to -2 200) and a decrease in net immigration of foreigners (from 19 600 to 18 200). One-third of the 15 500 persons who emigrated from Finland in 2014 were foreigners. Their number increased from 4 200 in 2013 to 5 500 in 2014. The main groups of new foreign immigrants were Estonian (4 700), Russian (2 400), Indian, Iraqi and Chinese citizens (800 each). Preliminary estimates indicate a decrease in the total population at the beginning of 2016, since net immigration did not compensate for the negative natural growth rate. At the end of 2015, a total of 231 300 foreigners lived in Finland, constituting 4.1% of the population – a 5% increase compared to 2014. As in 2014, the largest groups were Estonians (50 500, +8%), Russians (31 100, +0.6%) and Swedes (8 300, no change from the previous year).

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