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International Migration Outlook 2016

image of International Migration Outlook 2016

The 2016 edition of the International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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Estonia

During 2014, a total of 4 600 persons emigrated from Estonia, a decrease of over 30% compared to 2013. However, this flow continued to exceed total immigration (3 900 persons), resulting in a net outflow of -700, down from -2 600 the previous year. Most emigrants (93%) were Estonian nationals; the main destination country was Finland (66%), followed by the United Kingdom (8%). At the same time, Estonian nationals returning from Finland comprised 65% of all immigrants. A third of all immigrants came from Finland, and the net migration with Finland was still negative (-1 800 persons) but falling (-4 000 in 2013).

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