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International Migration Outlook 2014

image of International Migration Outlook 2014

This flagship publication on migration analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. This edition also contains two special chapters on "The labour market integration of immigrants and their children: developing, activating and using skills" and "Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth". It also includes Country notes and a Statistical Annex. This special edition is launched at the occasion of the High-level Policy Forum on Migration (Paris, 1-2 December 2014).

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Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth

This chapter provides a systematic and comparative overview of labour migration management, identifying key elements which can help policy makers match concrete measures to overarching objectives. It discusses how the landscape for labour migration policy is changing, due to both structural factors and the breakdown of traditional categories, posing new challenges for policy makers. Labour migration policy can be used to achieve different and sometimes competing goals, and the chapter discusses inherent trade-offs in balancing these policy objectives. Achieving labour migration policy objectives involves the use of tools, and the chapter discusses many instruments comprising the policy toolbox, from well-known and broad tools such as numerical limits to detailed selection and ranking criteria. The role and applicability of shortage occupation lists is discussed. Tools are matched to objectives, and the conditions under which the tool may be appropriate, as well as potential shortcomings, are identified. The chapter underlines the importance of flexibility and discusses how to apply these tools to maintain a dynamic management system to react to changes. The infrastructure needs of a management system are identified, and possible solutions in the case of limited resources are listed.

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