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International Migration Outlook 2014

image of International Migration Outlook 2014

This flagship publication on migration analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. This edition also contains two special chapters on "The labour market integration of immigrants and their children: developing, activating and using skills" and "Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth". It also includes Country notes and a Statistical Annex. This special edition is launched at the occasion of the High-level Policy Forum on Migration (Paris, 1-2 December 2014).

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria remained in recession through 2012 and into 2013. Economic contraction and persistent high unemployment remain an incentive for emigration, albeit at a lower level than in the past. Official external migration figures (which only include persons who have declared address changes from or to a foreign address) captured about 8 200 immigrants in 2012 and 10 500 immigrants in 2013, with net migration of ‑650 in 2012 and +650 in 2013. Actual figures are much higher. However, return migration from abroad also remains low, even if Bulgaria’s emigrant population is concentrated in Spain and Greece, where the employment situation remains bleak, and in the United Kingdom. On 1 January 2014 the transitional restrictions on Bulgarian migrants in the EU expired; there is no evidence that this has led to substantially larger outflows to those countries which had previously imposed labour market restrictions.

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