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International Migration Outlook 2013

image of International Migration Outlook 2013

This  publication analyses recent development in immigration and other migration movements and policies in OECD countries and some non member countries including migration of highly qualified and low qualified workers, temporary and permanent, as well as students. This edition also contains two special chapters on topical issues: fiscal impact of migration and  discrimination.

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Germany

The inflow of foreigners to Germany in 2011 was 841 700, a 23% increase over 2010. In the same period, outflows of foreigners increased by 2% to 538 800; net migration of foreigners in Germany was 302 900, almost twice the 2010 figure. Net migration of Germans was -23 500, 10% smaller than in 2010. As a result, total population slightly increased for the first time since 2002. The increase in inflows of foreign nationals was driven by a 34% increase in inflows from within the European Union, due to the end in May 2011 of transitional labour market restrictions on EU8 nationals. Increasing inflows of Bulgarians and Romanians were also observed (up 29% over 2010). Immigration of citizens of European countries with high unemployment increased considerably, with a 90% increase in flows from Greece and a 52% increase in flows from Spain. Comparing the first three quarters of 2012 with the same period of 2011, inflows of non-nationals from EU10 countries were about 31% higher, from Italy 38% higher, from Spain 48% and from Portugal 49% higher, and from Greece 64% higher.

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