International Migration Outlook 2012

image of International Migration Outlook 2012

OECD's annual publication analysing recent developments in migration movements and policies in its countries. Each edition provides the latest statistical information on immigrant stocks and flows, immigrants in the labour market, and migration policies. This 2012 edition covers all OECD countries, as well as the Russian Federation, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania. Two special chapters complement the information on movements and policies: “Renewing the skills of ageing workforces: The role of migration” and “The Changing Role of Asia in International Migration”. The publication also features country profiles and a statistical annex.


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Migration policy developments

Behind the migration policy changes in OECD and other countries in recent years have been a number of factors. In some cases, policies have been changed to deal with the effects of the global economic crisis, often through more restrictive measures. In other cases, policy changes reflect a shift in paradigm, due to changes in governments or other shifts in the social and political situation in countries. While long-standing concerns about the impact of ageing populations and the need to attract skilled workers remain in the background, and even in crisis drive some reforms, this has been counteracted by a souring of public opinion regarding migration in some countries. Finally, many reforms are a response not to external factors but to efficiency issues, such as bottlenecks and backlogs in processing, or to refinements made based on operational experience, such as tweaks to admission criteria to prevent abuse.

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