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International Migration Outlook 2008

image of International Migration Outlook 2008

This edition focuses on the employment situation of immigrants. For the first time, this report presents a “scoreboard” of labour-market integration of immigrants, as well as an analysis of wage differentials between immigrants and the native-born.



The publication also examines the new laws governing immigrants’ entry, stay and access to the labour market. The selective recruitment of immigrants according to labour market needs is described, as are measures to facilitate the integration of immigrants. International cooperation to improve border control and to combat irregular migration is analysed in detail.



Two special chapters analyse topical issues. The first addresses the management of migration of lower-skilled workers and reviews the different types of existing temporary and permanent programmes. Special attention is devoted to the issue of illegal employment of  foreigners and to regularisation programmes.  The second chapter presents an in-depth study of return migration and looks at its impact on the economic development of sending countries.



A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table and graph. It directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.





 

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Migration Policy Development

For the most part, 2006-07 has been a relatively “quiet” period in international migration for OECD members, without new major perturbations in flows. This has provided governments with time to reflect on their policies, introduce new measures and in some cases embark on substantial structural and institutional changes in the organisation of their administration of migration policy and process. Some of the legislative or operational changes represent the continuation or completion of unfinished business, others are new initiatives. During the period under review almost all OECD countries brought in legislative change. Australia, Finland, France, Mexico, the Netherlands and Sweden had changes of government, the consequences being that proposed Bills fell with the old government and/or new directions were taken by their successors with new programmes for dealing with migration. In the United States, failure to get agreement on new legislation has created a hiatus, pending new elections in 2008.

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