Integrating Services for Older People in Lithuania

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Lithuania’s population is ageing rapidly. The share of the population aged 65 years and over is expected to grow from 20% in 2019 to 32% in 2050 – faster than the EU average. A growing share of people who need help with their daily activities – so called long-term care. The governance of long-term care is fragmented between the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Social Security and Labour and the municipalities. This results in a lack of integration of services between social workers and nurses and inequalities in access as eligibility conditions differ. Older people still have unmet needs and face substantial costs. Lithuania has one of the lowest levels of long-term care workers in the EU with only 1 worker per 100 people aged 65 or above compared to the EU average of 4 workers per 100 in 2019. This report suggests avenues to adapt funding streams, improve the coordination and access to long-term care services and strengthen the workforce in the sector.


Ensuring the availability of sufficiently trained carers

This chapter discusses the wide range of policy options available to bolster the LTC workforce. Options include various recruitment policies such as recruiting unemployed and inactive people, bringing back workers who emigrated and bringing in foreign-workers. In addition, it presents retention strategies, focusing on improving training and competences and creating better career pathways. Finally, it discusses the importance of training and care leave for informal carers.


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