Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015

Settling In

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This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through 27 indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion (Chapters 5 to 12). Three chapters present detailed contextual information (demographic and immigrant-specific) for immigrants and immigrant households (Chapters 2 to 4). Two special chapters are dedicated to specific groups. The first group is that of young people with an immigrant background, whose outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for the success or failure of integration. The second group are third-country nationals in the European Union, who are the target of EU integration policy.

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Quality of immigrants' jobs

While access to employment is a key indicator of integration, the kind of job yields a more comprehensive picture of the nature of an immigrant’s place in the labour market. Indicators include job security, working hours, matches or mismatches between workers’ qualifications and skills and those required by the job. The incidence of self-employment and proportions of immigrants working in the public services sector are also relevant indicators. When it comes to immigrants, job quality indicators should be gauged against their experience (estimated by individuals’ ages), their levels of educational attainment, and the length of time they have resided in the host country.This chapter looks first at job contracts (temporary versus unlimited duration – ), working hours (), job skills (), and the match between the level of qualifications required and those held by the worker (). It then considers the shares of self-employment () and the integration of immigrant workers in the public services sector (). For further discussion of some of the issues that the indicators raise, see the section entitled Data limitations at the end of the chapter.

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