Income Disparities in China

An OECD Perspective

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China has experienced spectacular economic growth since 1978, averaging 8 to 9% per year. As a result, on average, people’s standard of living is far higher than ever before in China’s history. However, economic disparities have also widened very significantly during this period, raising questions about the appropriateness and sustainability of existing policies. This book includes the papers from a seminar held in Paris on 20-21 October 2003 to explore the causes of China's growing economic disparities. The seminar was organised by the OECD and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China. The papers by Chinese and OECD experts look at the driving forces behind these trends and discuss possible policy responses. The collection presents many comparisons with income inequality trends in OECD countries, including geographic disparities, and looks at ways to improve Chinese data on income distribution.



Assessing Income Disparities in China

The Evolution of Income Distribution Disparities in China since the Reform and Opening-up (Han Wenxiu); Income Disparities in China: A Review of Chinese Studies (Feng Jianlin); Disparities between Urban and Rural Areas and among Different Regions in China (Yin Yanlin); The Urban and Rural Poor in China and their Income-earning Potential (Huang Yanfen and Yang Yiyong); Analysis of Income Distribution in China’s Poverty-stricken Counties: A Case Study of the Qinglong County of Hebei Province (Zhao Kun); Income Disparities in Post-Reform China: A Review of the International Literature (Marie-Ange Maurice and Peter Whiteford); Apparent Sources of Income Inequality in China or Plausible and Less Plausible Interpretations of Imperfect Data (Anders Reutersward)


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