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Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

image of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

This second edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean, prepared jointly by OECD and the World Bank, presents a set of key indicators of health status, determinants of health, healthcare resources and utilisation, healthcare expenditure and financing, quality of care, health workforce, and ageing across 33 Latin America and the Caribbean countries. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries, and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicators and any limitations in data comparability. This edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean also provides thematic analyses on two key topics for building more resilient health in the LAC region: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on LAC healthcare systems, and climate change and health.

English Also available in: Portuguese

In-hospital mortality following acute myocardial infarction and stroke

Ischaemic heart diseases and stroke were two major causes of death in Latin America (see Chapter 3). These diseases carry significant health, economic, social, and non-financial costs associated with both mortality and the persistent disabilities suffered by many survivors. The quality of treatment following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke has advanced greatly over the past decades, thanks in part to the introduction of new technologies such as cholesterol and blood pressure lowering medications, thrombolysis, and angioplasty (OECD, 2015[1]). The case‑fatality rate for both AMI and stroke is a useful measure of acute care quality. It reflects the processes of care, such as effective medical interventions, including early thrombolysis, angioplasty, or treatment with aspirin when appropriate and co‑ordinated and timely transport of patients. At the same time, the measure could be also influenced by individual characteristics such as the typical severity of the AMI and stroke cases presented to hospitals.

English Also available in: Portuguese

Graphs

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