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Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

image of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

This second edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean, prepared jointly by OECD and the World Bank, presents a set of key indicators of health status, determinants of health, healthcare resources and utilisation, healthcare expenditure and financing, quality of care, health workforce, and ageing across 33 Latin America and the Caribbean countries. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries, and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicators and any limitations in data comparability. This edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean also provides thematic analyses on two key topics for building more resilient health in the LAC region: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on LAC healthcare systems, and climate change and health.

English Also available in: Portuguese

Mortality from all causes

Cumulative development in countries is leading to an “epidemiological transition”, whereby early deaths are replaced by late deaths, and communicable diseases are substituted by non-communicable diseases (Omran, 2005[1]). This is also the case in LAC, where the burden from non-communicable diseases amongst adults – the most economically productive age group – is rapidly increasing. In fact, higher levels of education, access to clean water and sanitation, as well as lower levels of overcrowding are linked to lower levels of communicable diseases and higher levels of mortality due to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other non-communicable diseases (The SALURBAL group, 2021[2]).

English Also available in: Portuguese

Graphs

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