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Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

image of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2023

This second edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean, prepared jointly by OECD and the World Bank, presents a set of key indicators of health status, determinants of health, healthcare resources and utilisation, healthcare expenditure and financing, quality of care, health workforce, and ageing across 33 Latin America and the Caribbean countries. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries, and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicators and any limitations in data comparability. This edition of Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean also provides thematic analyses on two key topics for building more resilient health in the LAC region: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on LAC healthcare systems, and climate change and health.

English Also available in: Portuguese

Environmental and climate risks

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges for humankind. It is linked to many different types of environment distress, such as extreme temperatures, spread of tropical diseases and their vectors, and air pollution. Air pollution is already the most significant environmental health risk and a major cause of death and disability, and its future impact is likely to be even greater if adequate policy action is not developed. Projections have estimated that outdoor air pollution may cause between 6 million and 9 million premature deaths a year worldwide by 2060, and cost 1% of global GDP as a result of sick days, medical bills, and reduced agricultural output (OECD, 2015[1]).

English Also available in: Portuguese

Graphs

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