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Health at a Glance: Europe 2022

State of Health in the EU Cycle

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2022

The 2022 edition of Health at a Glance: Europe examines the key challenges European countries must address to develop stronger, more resilient health systems following the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes a special focus on how the pandemic has affected young people’s mental and physical health. The report emphasises the need for additional measures to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic from scarring a generation of young people. This edition of Health at a Glance: Europe also assesses the pandemic’s disruption of a wide range of health services for non-COVID patients, as well as the policy responses European countries deployed to minimise the adverse consequences of these disruptions. It also addresses a number of important behavioural and environmental risk factors that have a major impact on people’s health and mortality, highlighting the need to put a greater focus on the prevention of both communicable and non-communicable diseases.

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Health expenditure in relation to GDP

How much a country spends on health care in relation to all other goods and services in the economy, and how that changes over time, depends not only on the level of health spending but also on the size of the economy. During the 1990s and early 2000s, EU countries generally saw health spending outpace the rest of the economy, leading to an almost continual rise in the ratio of health expenditure to gross domestic product (GDP), but this trend was disrupted with the financial and economic crisis of 2008/09. The COVID‑19 pandemic also led to fundamentally diverging growth patterns of health spending and economic output resulting in a major adjustment of this indicator.

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Graphs

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