Health at a Glance: Europe 2018

State of Health in the EU Cycle

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2018

Health at a Glance: Europe 2018 presents comparative analyses of the health status of EU citizens and the performance of the health systems of the 28 EU Member States, 5 candidate countries and 3 EFTA countries. It is the first step in the State of Health in the EU cycle of knowledge brokering. This publication has two parts. Part I comprises two thematic chapters, the first focusing on the need for concerted efforts to promote better mental health, the second outlining possible strategies for reducing wasteful spending in health. In Part II, the most recent trends in key indicators of health status, risk factors and health spending are presented, together with a discussion of progress in improving the effectiveness, accessibility and resilience of European health systems.


Main causes of mortality

Over 5 200 000 people died in EU countries in 2015 (). An unusual large increase in the number of deaths in 2015 explains the reduction in life expectancy in many countries compared with 2014 (see indicator “Trends in life expectancy”). The higher number of deaths in 2015 across EU countries was concentrated mainly among people aged 75 and over, and was attributed mainly to higher mortality from influenza and pneumonia triggering cardiorespiratory events, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, and heart diseases.



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