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Health at a Glance: Europe 2016

State of Health in the EU Cycle

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2016

This fourth edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents key indicators of health and health systems in the 28 EU countries, 5 candidate countries to the EU and 3 EFTA countries. This 2016 edition contains two main new features: two thematic chapters analyse the links between population health and labour market outcomes, and the important challenge of strengthening primary care systems in European countries; and a new chapter on the resilience, efficiency and sustainability of health systems in Europe, in order to align the content of this publication more closely with the 2014 European Commission Communication on effective, accessible and resilient health systems. This publication is the result of a renewed collaboration between the OECD and the European Commission under the broader "State of Health in the EU" initiative, designed to support EU member states in their evidence-based policy making.

 

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Nurses

In all countries, nurses are the most numerous health professional group. Nurses play a critical role in providing access to care not only in traditional settings such as hospitals and long-term care institutions, but increasingly in primary care (especially in offering care to the chronically ill) and in home care settings. There are concerns in many countries about current or future shortages of nurses, particularly as the demand for nurses is expected to continue to increase with ageing populations while the ageing of the baby boom generation of nurses itself is expected to lead to the retirement of many nurses in the coming years. However, many countries have already anticipated this wave of retirement by increasing the training of new nurses, combined with efforts to increase retention rates in the profession (OECD, 2016).

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