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Health at a Glance: Europe 2016

State of Health in the EU Cycle

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2016

This fourth edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents key indicators of health and health systems in the 28 EU countries, 5 candidate countries to the EU and 3 EFTA countries. This 2016 edition contains two main new features: two thematic chapters analyse the links between population health and labour market outcomes, and the important challenge of strengthening primary care systems in European countries; and a new chapter on the resilience, efficiency and sustainability of health systems in Europe, in order to align the content of this publication more closely with the 2014 European Commission Communication on effective, accessible and resilient health systems. This publication is the result of a renewed collaboration between the OECD and the European Commission under the broader "State of Health in the EU" initiative, designed to support EU member states in their evidence-based policy making.

 

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Alcohol consumption among children

Adolescent alcohol use is a major health concern in many European countries. Early and frequent drinking or drunkenness is associated with negative psychological, social and physical health issues, such as violence, accidents, injury and use of other substances (Inchley et al., 2016). Alcohol use has been shown to affect learning performance. Binge drinking, as well as high frequency of drinking, reduce achievement scores. Alcohol consumption also reduces attendance and increases probability of having difficulty in school or dropping out without having graduated (Balsa et al., 2011; Chatterji et al., 2005).

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