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Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

This third edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents a set of key indicators related to health status, determinants of health, health care resources and activities, quality of care, access to care, and health expenditure and financing in 35 European countries, including the 28 European Union member states, four candidate countries and three EFTA countries. The selection of indicators is based largely on the European Core Health Indicators (ECHI) shortlist, a set of indicators that has been developed to guide the reporting of health statistics in the European Union. This is complemented by additional indicators on quality of care, access to care and health expenditure, building on the OECD expertise in these areas.

Compared with the previous edition, this third edition includes a greater number of ECHI indicators, reflecting progress in the availability of comparable data in the areas of non-medical determinants of health and access to care. It also includes a new chapter dedicated to access to care, including selected indicators on financial access, geographic access and timely access.

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Screening, survival and mortality for cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is highly preventable if precancerous changes are detected and treated before progression occurs. The main cause of cervical cancer, which accounts for approximately 95% of all cases, is sexual exposure to the human papilloma virus (HPV). In 2012, 34 000 new cervical cancers are diagnosed in Europe (IARC, 2012). The 2014-16 Comprehensive Cancer Control Joint Action has the objectives to identify key elements and quality standards for cancer control in Europe in order to reduce incidence by 15% by 2020. Countries follow different policies with regards to the prevention and early diagnosis of cervical cancer. About half of EU countries have cervical cancer screening organised through population-based programmes but the periodicity and target groups vary.

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