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Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

This third edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents a set of key indicators related to health status, determinants of health, health care resources and activities, quality of care, access to care, and health expenditure and financing in 35 European countries, including the 28 European Union member states, four candidate countries and three EFTA countries. The selection of indicators is based largely on the European Core Health Indicators (ECHI) shortlist, a set of indicators that has been developed to guide the reporting of health statistics in the European Union. This is complemented by additional indicators on quality of care, access to care and health expenditure, building on the OECD expertise in these areas.

Compared with the previous edition, this third edition includes a greater number of ECHI indicators, reflecting progress in the availability of comparable data in the areas of non-medical determinants of health and access to care. It also includes a new chapter dedicated to access to care, including selected indicators on financial access, geographic access and timely access.

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Dementia prevalence

Dementia describes a variety of brain disorders which progressively lead to brain damage, and cause a gradual deterioration of the individual’s functional capacity and social relations. It is one of the most important causes of disability among the elderly, placing a large burden not only on sufferers, but also on carers. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, representing about 60% to 80% of cases. Successive strokes that lead to multi-infarct dementia are another common cause. Currently, there is no treatment that can halt dementia, but pharmaceutical drugs and other interventions can slow the progression of the disease.

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