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Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

This third edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents a set of key indicators related to health status, determinants of health, health care resources and activities, quality of care, access to care, and health expenditure and financing in 35 European countries, including the 28 European Union member states, four candidate countries and three EFTA countries. The selection of indicators is based largely on the European Core Health Indicators (ECHI) shortlist, a set of indicators that has been developed to guide the reporting of health statistics in the European Union. This is complemented by additional indicators on quality of care, access to care and health expenditure, building on the OECD expertise in these areas.

Compared with the previous edition, this third edition includes a greater number of ECHI indicators, reflecting progress in the availability of comparable data in the areas of non-medical determinants of health and access to care. It also includes a new chapter dedicated to access to care, including selected indicators on financial access, geographic access and timely access.

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Childhood vaccination programmes

Vaccination programmes are among the safest and most effective public health interventions to provide protection against diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis, measles and hepatitis B. All EU member countries have established vaccination schedules, recommending the vaccines to be given at various ages during childhood. Although there is strong evidence that childhood vaccines are highly cost-effective health care intervention, too many children in Europe go unvaccinated and remain vulnerable to these potentially life-threatening diseases. Notably, children from disadvantaged socio-economic groups such as Roma migrants have a lower likelihood of receiving vaccination, which calls for actions to design more effective vaccination strategies.

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