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Health at a Glance: Europe 2012

image of Health at a Glance: Europe 2012

This second edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents a set of key indicators of health status, determinants of health, health care resources and activities, quality of care, health expenditure and financing in 35 European countries, including the 27 European Union member states, 5 candidate countries and 3 EFTA countries. The selection of indicators is based largely on the European Community Health Indicators (ECHI) shortlist, a set of indicators that has been developed to guide the reporting of health statistics in the European Union.  It is complemented by additional indicators on health expenditure and quality of care, building on the OECD expertise in these areas. Each indicator is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, a brief descriptive analysis highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.

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In-hospital mortality following stroke

In Europe, stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases account for around 9% of all deaths and are the third most common cause of death (OECD, 2012a, based on the WHO Mortality Database). Stroke is also a major cause of adult disability. Around one third of all stroke incidents lead to permanent sequelae and dependency (WHO, 2004b). In ischemic stroke, representing about 85% of cases, the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted, leading to a necrosis of the affected part, while in hemorrhagic stroke, the rupture of a blood vessel causes bleeding into the brain, usually causing more widespread damage.

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