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Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage

image of Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

This fifth edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and quality of care across 27 Asia-Pacific countries and territories. It also provides a series of dashboards to compare performance across countries, and a thematic analysis on health inequalities. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and territories. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate.

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Road safety

There were 1.25 million road traffic deaths globally in 2013. While the global rate for road traffic deaths is 17.4 per 100 000, there is great disparity by income, with rates more than twice as high in low- and middle-income countries than in the world’s high income countries (WHO, 2015a). The burden of road traffic injuries falls disproportionately on vulnerable road users – pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Two thirds and half of those who die in road traffic crashes in WPRO and SEARO respectively are pedestrians, cyclists, or users of motorized two-wheelers, and this proportion is higher in emerging economies where urbanisation and motorisation accompany rapid economic growth. In many of these countries, necessary infrastructural developments, policy changes and levels of enforcement have not kept pace with vehicle use (WHO, 2015a).

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