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Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage

image of Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

This fifth edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and quality of care across 27 Asia-Pacific countries and territories. It also provides a series of dashboards to compare performance across countries, and a thematic analysis on health inequalities. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and territories. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate.

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Financing of health care from households' out-of-pocket payments, voluntary payment schemes and external resources

On average, the share of health spending paid out-of-pocket has fallen by around 2 percentage points to 21.4% and 25.6% in high- and upper-middle income Asia-Pacific countries since 2010, whereas it has increased from 47.1% to 48.2% in low and lower-middle income Asia-Pacific countries (). The trend is quite diverse across the countries and the territories in the study. However, more than two thirds of the Asia-Pacific countries and territories reported a decrease, including between 7 and 10 percentage points for Papua New Guinea, Singapore and Indonesia, while Mongolia and Lao PDR reported a growth of around 10 percentage points in the same period. For each dollar spent on health, more than 60 centimes were “out-of-pocket” in Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Myanmar in 2015.

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Graphs

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