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Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage

image of Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2018

This fifth edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and quality of care across 27 Asia-Pacific countries and territories. It also provides a series of dashboards to compare performance across countries, and a thematic analysis on health inequalities. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and territories. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate.

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Child malnutrition (including undernutrition and overweight)

National development is largely dependent on healthy and well-nourished people, but many children are not able at all times to access sufficient, safe, nutritious food and a balanced diet that meets their needs for optimal growth and development, an active and healthy life (UNICEF, 2013). Maternal and child malnutrition in low and middle income countries encompasses both under nutrition and a growing problem with overweight and obesity. Many countries are facing a double burden of malnutrition – characterized by the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight, obesity or diet-related NDC – which poses a real and growing health challenge. The identification, promotion and implementation of actions that simultaneously and synergistically address undernutrition as well as overweight, obesity and diet-related NCDs are important opportunities and immediate priorities to foster the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition: food systems for healthy, sustainable diets; aligned health systems providing universal coverage of essential nutrition actions; safe and supportive environments for nutrition at all ages; social protection and nutrition-related education; trade and investment for improved nutrition; and strengthen and promote nutrition governance and accountability (WHO, 2017c).

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Graphs

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