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Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2016

Measuring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage

image of Health at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2016

This fourth edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia-Pacific countries and economies. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and economies.

Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate.

This edition is a joint OECD, WHO/WPRO and WHO/SEARO publication.

 

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In-hospital mortality following acute myocardial infarction and stroke

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke each account for around 3 million deaths a year in the Asia-Pacific region, being two of the major causes of death and disability (WHO, 2014h). Additionally, both are associated with significant health, social and non-financial costs, because of the persistent disabilities suffered by many survivors. Treatment for AMI and stroke has advanced greatly over the past decade. Until the 1990s, treatment focused on prevention of complications and rehabilitation. But following the great improvements in AMI survival rates that were achieved with thrombolysis (Gil et al., 1999), clinical trials also demonstrated the clear benefits of thrombolytic treatment for ischemic stroke (e.g. Mori et al., 1992). Dedicated cardiac care and stroke units offering timely and proactive therapy achieve better survival than conservative care (Seenan et al., 2007), although studies have shown that a considerable number of patients fail to receive high-quality, evidence-based care (Eagle et al., 2005).

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