Health at a Glance 2021

OECD Indicators

image of Health at a Glance 2021

Health at a Glance provides a comprehensive set of indicators on population health and health system performance across OECD members and key emerging economies. These cover health status, risk factors for health, access to and quality of health care, and health resources. Analysis draws from the latest comparable official national statistics and other sources.

Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, an overview chapter summarises the comparative performance of countries and major trends. This edition also has a special focus on the health impact of COVID-19 in OECD countries, including deaths and illness caused by the virus, adverse effects on access and quality of care, and the growing burden of mental ill-health.

English Also available in: French

International migration of doctors and nurses

The number and share of foreign-trained doctors – and in some countries foreign-trained nurses – working in OECD countries has continued to rise over the past decade (OECD, 2019[1]). In 2019, about 18% of doctors on average across OECD countries had obtained at least their first medical degree in another country (), up from 15% a decade earlier. For nurses, on average 6% had obtained a nursing degree in another country in 2019 (). These developments occurred in parallel with a significant increase in the numbers of domestically trained medical and nursing graduates in nearly all OECD countries (see indicators “Medical graduates” and “Nursing graduates”), which indicates substantial demand for doctors and nurses.

English Also available in: French


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