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Health at a Glance 2019

OECD Indicators

image of Health at a Glance 2019

Health at a Glance compares key indicators for population health and health system performance across OECD members, candidate and partner countries. It highlights how countries differ in terms of the health status and health-seeking behaviour of their citizens; access to and quality of health care; and the resources available for health. Analysis is based on the latest comparable data across 80 indicators, with data coming from official national statistics, unless otherwise stated.

Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, an overview chapter summarises the comparative performance of countries and major trends, including how much health spending is associated with staffing, access, quality and health outcomes. This edition also includes a special focus on patient-reported outcomes and experiences, with a thematic chapter on measuring what matters for people-centred health systems.

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International migration of doctors and nurses

The number and share of foreign-trained doctors – and in some countries foreign-trained nurses – working in OECD countries has continued to rise over the past decade (OECD, 2019[1]). In 2017, more than one in six doctors working in OECD countries had obtained at least their first medical degree in another country (), up from one in seven a decade earlier. For nurses, on average, one in 17 had obtained a nursing degree in another country in 2017 (). These developments occurred in parallel with a significant increase in the numbers of domestically trained medical and nursing graduates in nearly all OECD countries (see also indicators on “Medical graduates” and “Nursing graduates”), which is indicative of substantial demand for these professionals.

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