Health at a Glance 2019

OECD Indicators

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Health at a Glance compares key indicators for population health and health system performance across OECD members, candidate and partner countries. It highlights how countries differ in terms of the health status and health-seeking behaviour of their citizens; access to and quality of health care; and the resources available for health. Analysis is based on the latest comparable data across 80 indicators, with data coming from official national statistics, unless otherwise stated.

Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, an overview chapter summarises the comparative performance of countries and major trends, including how much health spending is associated with staffing, access, quality and health outcomes. This edition also includes a special focus on patient-reported outcomes and experiences, with a thematic chapter on measuring what matters for people-centred health systems.

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Smoking among adults

Smoking is a leading cause of multiple diseases, including cancers, heart attacks and stroke, and respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Smoking among pregnant woman increases the risk of low birth weight and premature delivery. The WHO estimates that tobacco smoking kills 7 million people in the world every year, of which more than 1.2 million deaths are due to second-hand smoke and 65 000 are children (WHO, 2017[1]). Of these deaths, just over half took place in four countries – China, India, the United States, and the Russian Federation. Over recent decades, smoking caused the largest share of overall years of healthy life lost in 15 OECD countries, and ranked second in further 16 OECD countries (Forouzanfar et al., 2016[2])

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