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Health at a Glance 2017

OECD Indicators

image of Health at a Glance 2017

This new edition of Health at a Glance presents the most recent comparable data on the health status of populations and health system performance in OECD countries. Where possible, it also reports data for partner countries (Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, Russian Federation and South Africa). The data presented in this publication come from official national statistics, unless otherwise stated.

This edition contains a range of new indicators, particularly on risk factors for health. It also places greater emphasis on time trend analysis. Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, this edition offers snapshots and dashboard indicators that summarise the comparative performance of countries, and a special chapter on the main factors driving life expectancy gains.

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Survival and mortality for leukaemia in children

Leukaemia is the most common childhood cancer and accounts for over 30% of all cancers diagnosed in children aged below 15 years old in the world (IARC, 2012). Causes of leukaemia are not well known, but some known risk factors include inherited factors such as Down syndrome and a family history of leukaemia and non-inherited factors including exposure to inonising radiation. There are different types of leukaemia but about three-quarters of cases among children are acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The second most frequent type is acute myeloid leukaemia. Prognosis of leukaemia is different depending on various factors including age, initial white blood cell count, gender, initial reaction to induction treatment and type of leukaemia. Children with acute leukaemia who are free of the disease for 5 years are considered to have been cured as remission after 5 years is rare.

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