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Health at a Glance 2017

OECD Indicators

image of Health at a Glance 2017

This new edition of Health at a Glance presents the most recent comparable data on the health status of populations and health system performance in OECD countries. Where possible, it also reports data for partner countries (Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, Russian Federation and South Africa). The data presented in this publication come from official national statistics, unless otherwise stated.

This edition contains a range of new indicators, particularly on risk factors for health. It also places greater emphasis on time trend analysis. Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, this edition offers snapshots and dashboard indicators that summarise the comparative performance of countries, and a special chapter on the main factors driving life expectancy gains.

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Survival and mortality for colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed form of cancer after prostate and lung cancers, for men, and the second most common cancer after breast cancer, for women, across OECD countries (see indicator “Mortality from cancer” in ). There are several factors that place certain individuals at increased risk for the disease, including age, ulcerative colitis, a personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, and lifestyle factors such as a diet high in fat and low in fibre, lack of physical activity, obesity, and tobacco and alcohol consumption. Incidence is significantly higher for men than women across countries. Generally, rectal cancer is more difficult to cure than colon cancer due to a higher probability of spreading to other tissue, recurrence and postoperative complications.

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