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Getting Skills Right: Brazil

image of Getting Skills Right: Brazil

The world of work is changing. Digitalisation, deepening globalisation and population ageing are having a profound impact on the type and quality of jobs that are available and the skills required to perform them. To what extent individuals, firms and economies can harness the benefits of these changes critically depends on the readiness of adult learning systems to help people develop relevant skills for this changing world of work. In Brazil, the speed of population ageing is projected to be significantly faster than what has been experienced by most developed economies. At the same time, increasing integration into the global economy will create new opportunities and propel growth. But it will also affect the content of exports and the stage at which Brazil contributes for Global Value Chains (GVCs). Profound changes in the economy are to be expected in the coming decades. As these changes have not yet fully materialised, Brazilian policy makers have a window of opportunity to prepare for the transformations ahead. This report aims at providing policy recommendations, based on best practices internationally, to prepare the Brazilian adult learning system so that it is ready to support people in acquiring the relevant skills for the future.

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Assessment and recommendations

Skill needs are shaped by structural and cyclical factors affecting the demand for and supply of skills. Economic growth, financial crisis, changes in the composition of economic output, as well as the so-called mega-trends (globalisation, population ageing and technological progress), are all important factors influencing the demand for skills. On the other hand, skill supply is influenced by labour market trends (namely participation rate, employment rate, duration of unemployment, average number of hours worked), education outcomes and investment in training activities.

English

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