Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

Recent Experiences from OECD Countries and the European Union

image of Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

This publication presents recent evidence and analytical work on the impact and future perpectives of demographic trends in the workforce, taking also into account education, skills and geographical mobility. It pays particular attention to the labour mobility patterns generated by the development of free mobility in Europe and simlar developments in other parts of the world.


Labour mobility from new EU member countries: the impact on Italy

The European Union’s eastern enlargement stimulated substantial labour migration from new to established member states. Among the latter, Italy has experienced one of the largest increases in inflows over the past decade. The number of immigrants regularly residing in the country almost doubled in the seven years following enlargement in 2004. This chapter describes the size of these flows and the functioning of transitional arrangements in Italy. A broad picture is provided of the demographic characteristics and observed skills of these immigrants from new member states, as well as their labour market outcomes. The impact on the Italian labour market and welfare system is also investigated.


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