Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

Recent Experiences from OECD Countries and the European Union

image of Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

This publication presents recent evidence and analytical work on the impact and future perpectives of demographic trends in the workforce, taking also into account education, skills and geographical mobility. It pays particular attention to the labour mobility patterns generated by the development of free mobility in Europe and simlar developments in other parts of the world.


Changing demographic, educational and migration patterns in new EU member countries

This chapter addresses future labour market needs in new European Union member countries, viewed through the prism of recent and projected demographic, educational and migration developments. A comparison is made between developments in the new member states (NMS or EU12) and in the old member states (OMS or EU15). As the demography-education-migration nexus is too complex an issue to be discussed in detail here, the focus is on aggregate trends rather than microeconomic issues. Data used for analysis throughout are secondary, drawn from public EU and OECD databases, with migration and no migration options developed by Eurostat and migration statistics by the OECD. Findings are supplemented by the results of several ad hoc case studies and observations from new member states on general patterns at the national level.


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