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Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

Recent Experiences from OECD Countries and the European Union

image of Free Movement of Workers and Labour Market Adjustment

This publication presents recent evidence and analytical work on the impact and future perpectives of demographic trends in the workforce, taking also into account education, skills and geographical mobility. It pays particular attention to the labour mobility patterns generated by the development of free mobility in Europe and simlar developments in other parts of the world.

English

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Central and Eastern European labour migration to Norway

trends, conditions and challenges

The Nordic countries have attracted considerable numbers of labour migrants since the eastward enlargement of the European Union in 2004 and 2007. However, the magnitude and composition of migration flows have differed considerably between the Nordic countries, with Norway as the top destination. We analyse how the influx to Norway has been powered by economic growth, high wages – especially for lesser skilled workers – and structural changes in many industries facing shortages in local labour supply. Such dynamics have been complemented by family- and network-related effects, as individual workers settle down and bring their families. In the wake of migration, new secondary forms of employment have spread in many sectors. Based on in-depth surveys collected among Polish migrant workers in Oslo in 2006 and in 2010, this chapter analyses how terms of employment, working conditions, social mobility and risk of unemployment vary between different groups of workers. Finally, it briefly reviews the impact of migration on the economy, labour markets and institutions in Norway.

English

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