Connecting with Emigrants

A Global Profile of Diasporas 2015

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This publication describes the size and characteristics of emigrant populations by origin countries with a special focus on educational attainment and labour force status. It offers origin countries a detailed picture of the size and composition of their diasporas, as well as their evolution since 2000. It contains an overview chapter and six regional chapters, covering: Asia and Oceania, Latin America and the Caribbean; OECD countries; Non-OECD European and Central Asian countries; Middle East and North Africa; and Sub-Saharan Africa.  Regional chapters are followed by a regional note and country notes.




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Middle East and North Africa: Diaspora profile

This chapter looks at recent migration flows and diasporas from Middle East and North African (MENA) countries to the OECD area. In 2012 about 360 000 new migrants from the region settled in OECD countries, accounting for about 7% of total immigration flows. In total, in 2010/11 there were 8 million emigrants, 15 years old and above, from the region in OECD countries, of which 28% held a tertiary diploma. Total emigration rates for those over 15 years of age reached 3% for the region as a whole, while the emigration rate for the highly educated reached 6%. The labour market outcomes of migrants from the region were negatively affected by the economic crisis that hit some of their main destination countries. Future challenges relate notably to the implication for migration of recent geopolitical developments in the region and the need to deal with increasing cohorts of young people entering the labour market in most MENA countries.This chapter also contains one regional note and 17 country notes for Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

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