Catching Up? Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants

image of Catching Up? Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants

Previous OECD and EU work has shown that even native-born children with immigrant parents face persistent disadvantage in the education system, the school-to-work transition, and the labour market. To which degree are these linked with their immigration background, i.e. with the issues faced by their parents? This publication includes cross-country comparative work and provides new insights on the complex issue of the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage for native-born children of immigrants.

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Intergenerational mobility in the labour market

How do natives with immigrant parents fare?

This chapter analyses the intergenerational aspects of the labour market integration of youth with an immigrant background in Europe. It begins with a look at labour market outcomes by parental background for three main groups of natives in their adulthood: those with native-born parents, EU-born parents, and parents born outside the EU. The focus is on parental education levels, but individual-level characteristics are also taken into account. A second section investigates occupational mobility by analysing the extent to which adults are employed in work that requires higher skills than their parents needed in their work. As in the previous section, the analysis aims to shed light on whether natives with immigrant parents are more or less mobile in terms of occupations. Finally the chapter looks at the intergenerational transmission of economic vulnerability, concentrating on those at the bottom of the strata and how their disadvantaged positions are inherited from one generation to another.

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