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Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

image of Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.

This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.

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The burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes are both major drivers of the global burden of disease. They are a complex set of diseases involving a wide array of health sectors that place considerable pressure on health systems across countries. describes the burden of CVD and diabetes across OECD countries and examines trends in mortality and morbidity burdens according to gender and age across countries over time. This chapter summarises recent findings that seek to explain some of these recent trends and then describes the economic burden of CVD and diabetes in terms of direct health care cost.

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