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Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

image of Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.

This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.

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Improving acute cardiovascular care quality and access

Even with the best efforts in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and risk-factor management through primary care, many people will still require immediate medical attention or hospitalisation to treat an acute CVD event or diabetes complication including strokes, heart attacks and cardiac arrests. describes advancement in acute treatment of people with a CVD event, and cross-country variation in available resources and accessibility to timely and specialised treatments for acute CVD episodes and diabetes complications. It examines the use of procedures such as bypass surgery and other coronary interventions and also shows recent trends in acute care quality for stroke and heart attack. It then highlights some of the major reforms that countries have put in place at both national and local levels to improve the full pathway of acute care services by bringing care into line with best practice standards in CVD treatment.

English

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