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Arctic Human Development Report

Regional Processes and Global Linkages

image of Arctic Human Development Report

The goals of the second volume of the AHDR – Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages – are to provide an update to the first AHDR (2004) in terms of an assessment of the state of Arctic human development; to highlight the major trends and changes unfolding related to the various issues and thematic areas of human development in the Arctic over the past decade; and, based on this assessment, to identify policy relevant conclusions and key gaps in knowledge, new and emerging Arctic success stories.

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Education and Human Capital

Since the publication of the first Arctic Human Development Report (2004), there have been significant changes in formal education systems throughout the Circumpolar North. In some countries, for example, Russia, the federal government has introduced major reforms while in others, for example, USA/Alaska, local efforts are changing the look of schooling. In this chapter, we look at the major trends in education across the North. The first part of the chapter focuses on the unique challenges facing primary and secondary education systems in the Arctic. It updates the state of K-12 education since the first AHDR, and expands into countries and regions that were not addressed in the first report, specifically Greenland, the far north in Canada, and the Faroe Islands. The second part of the chapter assesses human capital and knowledge production as it pertains to human development and wellbeing of Arctic societies. Human capital is the stock of knowledge and skills embodied in a human population.

English

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