All Hands In? Making Diversity Work for All

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OECD societies have become increasingly diverse in the past decades, offering new opportunities if diversity is properly managed. Ensuring that OECD countries are equipped to make the most of diversity by fully utilising all talent among diverse populations and promoting inclusive labour markets is a key challenge. Both businesses and governments are responding to this challenge with policies to strengthen the inclusion of diverse groups in the workplace and labour markets. This report considers five key groups who are widely considered disadvantaged in the labour market and society at large and who often face discrimination based on their group membership: immigrants, their descendants and ethnic minorities; LGBT people; older people; people with disabilities; and women. It assesses: i) how the inclusion of these groups in OECD labour markets has evolved over time, ii) the evidence on how diversity affects economic outcomes; and iii) which policies countries have implemented and what is known about their effectiveness.


Diversity in OECD countries: Population diversity, labour market inclusion and acceptance of diversity

This chapter provides an overview of how diverse OECD populations are, taking into consideration the population shares of foreign-born, native-born with immigrant parents, older people and people with disabilities. In addition, it presents a Migrant Diversity Index that reflects both the size of migrant populations as well as the heterogeneity within them. To provide an indication of how countries are faring in terms of labour market inclusion, the chapter presents a dashboard showing how employment gaps for minority groups and women have evolved over time. Lastly, it discusses how acceptance of diversity in the OECD has changed over time, provides an overview of perceived discrimination levels and presents findings on public support for diversity policies in the work place.


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