Ageing and Employment Policies/Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi: Sweden 2003

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With rapidly aging populations, old-age pension reform and early-retirement schemes alone may not suffice to provide adequate employment opportunities. Additional measures will clearly be needed on wage scales, job discrimination, skills acquisition, and working conditions. Attitudes will also have to change about working later in life. Little is known, however, about what countries have been or should be doing on those issues. This report on Sweden begins a series of around 20 OECD country reports intended to fill the gap. Each contains a survey of the main employment barriers confronting older people, an assessment of existing remedial measures, and policy recommendations for further action.



The Current Labour Market Situation of Older Workers

Labour force participation rates have generally been rising for women and falling for men during several decades, bringing the two rates closer. Both the decrease for men and the increase for women are to a large extent the result of changes in the tax and welfare system during this period. The difference in overall participation rates between men and women in Sweden is currently 3.5 percentage points, but was as low as 0.9 percentage points in 1993. Currently, the overall labour force participation rate amounts to 78.4%, which is more or less the same as 30 years ago. In general, employment rates are high for most age groups and only start to decline above the age of 60...


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