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Ageing and Employment Policies/Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi: Sweden 2003

image of Ageing and Employment Policies/Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi: Sweden 2003

With rapidly aging populations, old-age pension reform and early-retirement schemes alone may not suffice to provide adequate employment opportunities. Additional measures will clearly be needed on wage scales, job discrimination, skills acquisition, and working conditions. Attitudes will also have to change about working later in life. Little is known, however, about what countries have been or should be doing on those issues. This report on Sweden begins a series of around 20 OECD country reports intended to fill the gap. Each contains a survey of the main employment barriers confronting older people, an assessment of existing remedial measures, and policy recommendations for further action.

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Helping Older Workers to Find Jobs and to Continue Working

Employability can be defined as having the necessary skills and ability to either remain in a job, to switch easily between jobs or to find a new job in the case of job loss. More generally, it means ensuring that there is a good match between the type of jobs on offer and the types of jobs that are being sought. The degree of employability of each person depends crucially on his or her level of formal education, having up-to-date skills, and relevant work experience and on the types of jobs available. It will also depend on appropriate incentives being in place to take up job opportunities if unemployed. The public authorities have a responsibility to supply labour market programmes, employment services and education programmes that are suitable for older people. Firms also have a role in providing training opportunities for their employees and suitable working conditions and working-time arrangements. However, the responsibility also lies on individuals to seek to continuously upgrade their skills. This chapter analyses older people’s employability and how it could be enhanced...

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