A System of Health Accounts

2011 Edition

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A System of Health Accounts 2011 provides a systematic description of the financial flows related to the consumption of health care goods and services. As demands for information increase and more countries implement and institutionalise health accounts according to the system, the data produced are expected to be more comparable, more detailed and more policy relevant.

This new edition builds on the original OECD Manual, published in 2000, and the Guide to Producing National Health Accounts to create a single global framework for producing health expenditure accounts that can help track resource flows from sources to uses. The Manual is the result of a four-year collaborative effort between the OECD, WHO and the European Commission, and sets out in more detail the boundaries, the definitions and the concepts – responding to health care systems around the globe – from the simplest to the more complicated.


Classification of Health Care Financing Schemes (ICHA-HF)

This chapter presents a summary of the conceptual accounting framework for health financing and of one of its main components, the new classification of health care financing schemes (ICHA-HF). This summary also serves as an introduction to Chapter 8, in which the classification of revenue of financing schemes (ICHA-FS) is presented. Furthermore, in SHA 2011 the accounting framework for health care financing also encompasses the concept of institutional units of health financing and the related classification of financing agents (ICHA-FA) as a tool for a more detailed national analysis (see Annex D). The three classifications together provide the tools to account comprehensively for health care financing and describe the flow of financial resources in the health system. This introduction therefore provides a brief definition of all the key concepts and highlights their relationships. The relevance of the particular classifications and cross-tabulations may vary for countries that differ in the organisational structure and level of resources of their health care systems, as well as in their level of economic development and their dependency on foreign resources.


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