A Decade of Social Protection Development in Selected Asian Countries

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Over the past ten years economic growth in Asia has contributed to a reduction of poverty as well as fertility rates, and greater prosperity has contributed to gains in life expectancy. However, at present many workers still work in informal employment, frequently for long hours at little pay and without social protection coverage. A growing demand for social support, extending the coverage of social protection benefits and improving the job quality of workers will be among Asia’s major challenges in future. This report considers these challenges, providing policy examples from countries to illustrate good practice, including Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore and Viet Nam.




The OECD/Korea Policy Centre held its 11th Social Experts meeting in October 2016. This provided the Centre with an opportunity to look back at a decade of change in social expenditures and social policy development. It is impossible to detail all such change across Asia in a concise volume such as this, but the report intends to give a flavour of the most relevant changes in the socio-economic context (Chapter 1) and illustrates social protection spending trends and coverage issues in Chapter 2. Throughout, this document highlights good policy practice of countries whose delegates have regularly attended the social expert meetings in Seoul.


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