Annex A. Defining regions and functional urban areas

Table A.1. Territorial grid of OECD member countries

Region

Territorial level 2 (TL2)

Non-official grid (NOG)

Territorial level 3 (TL3)

AUS

Australia

States/territories (8)

-

Statistical Areas Level 4 and Greater Capital City Statistical Area (49)

AUT

Austria

Bundesländer (9)

-

Gruppen von Politischen Bezirken (35)

BEL

Belgium

Régions (3)

-

Arrondissements (44)

CAN

Canada

Provinces and territories (13)

LFS, Economic areas (71)

Census divisions (294)

CHL

Chile

Regions (15)

Provincias (54)

CZE

Czech Republic

Oblasti (8)

-

Kraje (14)

DNK

Denmark

Regioner (5)

-

Landsdeler (11)

EST

Estonia

Region (1)

-

Groups of maakond (5)

FIN

Finland

Suuralueet (5)

-

Maakunnat (19)

FRA

France

Régions (22)

-

Départements (96)

DEU

Germany

Länder (16)

Spatial planning regions (96)

Kreise (412)

GRC

Greece

Development regions (13)

-

Regional units and combination of regional units (51)

HUN

Hungary

Planning statistical regions (7)

-

Counties + Budapest (20)

ISL

Iceland

Regions (2)

-

Landsvaedi (8)

IRL

Ireland

Groups regional authority regions (2)

-

Regional authority regions (8)

ISR

Israel

Districts (6)

-

-

ITA

Italy

Regioni (21)

-

Province (110)

JPN

Japan

Groups of prefectures (10)

-

Prefectures (47)

KOR

Korea

Regions (7)

-

Special city, metropolitan area and province (16)

LUX

Luxembourg

State (1)

-

State (1)

MEX

Mexico

Estados (32)

-

Grupos de municipios (209)

NDL

Netherlands

Provinces (12)

-

COROP regions (40)

NZL

New Zealand

Regional councils (14)

-

Regional councils (14)

NOR

Norway

Landsdeler (7)

-

Fylker (19)

POL

Poland

Vojewodztwa (16)

-

Podregiony (66)

PRT

Portugal

Comissaoes de coordenaçao e desenvolvimento regional + regioes autonomas (7)

-

Grupos de municipios (30)

SVK

Slovak Republic

Zoskupenia krajov (4)

-

Kraj (8)

SVN

Slovenia

Kohezijske regije (2)

-

Statistične regije (12)

ESP

Spain

Comunidades autonomas (19)

-

Provincias (59)

SWE

Sweden

Riksomraden (8)

-

Län (21)

CHE

Switzerland

Grandes regions (7)

-

Cantons (26)

TUR

Turkey

Regions (26)

-

Provinces (81)

GBR

United Kingdom

Regions and countries (12)

-

Upper tier authorities or groups of lower tier authorities or groups of unitary authorities or LECs or groups of districts (139)

USA

United States

States and the District of Columbia (51)

-

Economic areas (179)

Table A.2. Territorial grid of selected emerging economies

Country

Territorial levels 2 (TL2)

Territorial levels 3 (TL3)

Brazil

Estados + distrito federal (27)

Mesoregiao (137)

China

31 provinces; special administrative region of Hong Kong, China special administrative region of Macao, China and Chinese Taipei (33)

-

Colombia

Departamentos + Capital District (33)

-

India

States and union territories (35)

-

Latvia

Region (1)

Statistical regions (6)

Lithuania

Region (1)

Counties (10)

Peru

Departamentos + Provincia Constitucional del Callao (25)

-

Russian Federation

Oblast or okrug (83)

-

South Africa

Provinces (9)

-

Table A.3. Smallest and largest regional population and population density by country

Country

Number of TL3 regions

Region with the highest

Region with the lowest

Numbe of TL2 regions

Region with the highest

Region with the lowest

Population

Density

Population

Density

Population

Density

Population

Density

Australia

49

4 840 628

444.5

37 800

0.1

8

7 518 472

164.3

245 079

0.2

Austria

35

1 765 575

4 469.8

20 451

20.3

9

1 765 575

4 469.8

287 318

57.7

Belgium

44

1 183 841

7 353.1

46 784

44.9

3

6 429 064

7 353.1

1 183 841

213.7

Canada

294

2 808 503

4 456.5

573

0.00

13

13 678 740

25.9

36 510

0.02

Chile

54

5 452 548

2 685.6

2 687

0.1

15

7 228 581

469.3

107 334

1.0

Czech Republic

14

1 302 336

2 561.2

300 309

66.2

8

1 680 287

2 561.2

1 125 429

70.9

Denmark

11

851 769

4 360.7

40 305

59.5

5

1 749 405

687.1

581 057

73.8

Estonia

5

572 103

132.0

124 684

13.2

1

1 315 819

30.3

1 315 819

30.3

Finland

19

1 585 473

174.3

28 666

2.0

5

1 585 473

174.3

28 666

6.4

France

96

2 595 539

21 265.1

76 543

14.8

22

12 005 077

999.4

323 092

37.2

Germany

412

3 421 829

4 531.2

34 084

35.6

16

17 571 856

3 854.7

657 391

68.8

Greece

51

3 856 059

1 013.2

19 902

11.0

13

3 856 059

1 013.2

198 109

30.1

Hungary

20

1 744 665

3 322.5

198 392

52.3

7

2 965 413

428.8

917 492

64.8

Iceland

8

208 752

200.2

6 972

0.6

2

208 752

200.2

116 919

1.2

Ireland

8

1 271 557

1 386.6

290 143

32.1

2

3 372 718

92.9

1 232 783

38.4

Israel

-

-

-

-

-

6

1 976 300

7 740.1

951 900

82.4

Italy

110

4 321 244

2 691.4

57 699

31.3

21

9 973 397

438.3

128 591

39.7

Japan

47

13 390 000

6 992.2

574 000

64.7

10

35 922 000

2 739.6

3 878 000

64.7

Korea

16

12 280 678

16 334.7

581 069

90.6

7

25 029 687

2 138.3

581 069

90.6

Luxembourg

1

549 680

212.6

549 680

212.6

1

549 680

212.6

549 680

212.6

Mexico

209

8 360 233

7 525.0

9 167

0.8

32

16 618 928

5 980.3

710 986

10.0

Netherlands

40

1 417 821

3 301.1

47 958

144.7

12

3 577 032

1 273.8

380 621

185.3

New Zealand

14

1 526 900

341.2

32 800

1.4

14

1 526 900

341.2

32 800

1.4

Norway

19

634 463

1 488.3

75 207

1.6

7

1 210 220

241.8

382 253

4.5

Poland

66

1 719 692

3 326.3

267 900

43.0

16

5 292 567

368.8

960 226

57.7

Portugal

30

2 026 481

1 560.9

39 251

14.5

7

3 644 195

935.3

247 440

23.5

Slovak Republic

8

818 916

301.2

557 608

69.5

4

1 836 664

301.2

618 380

82.8

Slovenia

12

546 314

214.5

42 983

36.6

2

1 079 655

122.3

981 430

89.1

Spain

59

6 378 297

6 259.0

10 603

9.0

19

8 388 875

6 259.0

83 870

26.3

Sweden

21

2 163 042

331.4

57 161

2.6

8

2 163 042

331.4

368 617

3.4

Switzerland

26

1 425 538

5 117.2

15 778

27.4

7

1 808 480

858.2

346 539

100.3

Turkey

81

14 160 467

2 725.2

75 620

11.5

26

14 160 467

2 725.2

763 570

26.1

United Kingdom

139

2 241 058

10 656.5

21 618

7.1

12

8 821 331

5 389.3

1 835 847

68.5

United States

179

23 708 665

615.0

82 488

0.5

51

38 802 500

4 144.0

584 153

0.5

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364235

Table A.4. Percentage of national population living in predominantly urban, intermediate and predominantly rural regions (TL3) and number of regions classified as such in each country

 

Percentage of population (2014)

Number of regions (TL3)

 

Rural (%)

Intermediate (%)

Urban (%)

Rural

Intermediate

Urban

Australia

19.7

10.1

70.2

29

11

9

Austria

44.1

20.8

35.1

25

5

5

Belgium

8.6

23.6

67.8

13

13

18

Canada

27.4

16

56.6

229

35

30

Chile

35.9

15.7

48.4

41

7

6

Czech Republic

32.9

42.9

24.2

6

6

2

Denmark

28.9

48.8

22.4

4

5

2

Estonia

45.2

11.4

43.5

3

1

1

Finland

40.4

30.5

29.1

12

6

1

France

30.6

34.6

34.8

55

27

14

Germany

16.3

42

41.7

118

204

90

Greece

43.8

10.6

45.7

44

5

2

Hungary

46.7

35.6

17.7

13

6

1

Iceland

35.8

64.2

-

7

1

0

Ireland

72.4

-

27.6

7

0

1

Italy

20.1

43

36.9

41

50

19

Japan

12

31.4

56.7

13

22

12

Korea

17.2

13.1

69.6

5

3

8

Luxembourg

-

100

-

0

1

0

Mexico

36.6

17.4

46

145

30

34

Netherlands

0.6

26.9

72.5

1

17

22

New Zealand

-

55.2

44.8

0

12

2

Norway

32.3

44

23.7

10

7

2

Poland

33.2

38.5

28.3

24

26

16

Portugal

20.1

26.9

53

15

8

7

Slovak Republic

50.2

38.4

11.4

4

3

1

Slovenia

43.4

56.6

-

7

5

0

Spain

7.3

33.5

59.2

14

29

16

Sweden

15.9

61.6

22.6

8

12

1

Switzerland

7.4

54.3

38.3

4

16

6

Turkey

30.2

36.4

33.4

49

27

5

United Kingdom

2.9

23.2

73.9

13

37

89

United States

37.7

20.2

42.1

132

21

26

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364249

Figure A.1. Extended regional typology
picture
Figure A.2. Extended regional typology: Americas (TL3)
picture

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364058

Figure A.3. Extended regional typology: Europe (TL3)
picture

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364061

Figure A.4. Extended regional typology: Asia and Oceania (TL3)
picture

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364079

Figure A.5. Methodology to define the functional urban areas
picture
Table A.5. Number of Metropolitan areas and share of national population in metropolitan areas, 2014
Metropolitan areas (functional urban areas with population above 500 000)

Country

Total metropolitan areas

Population between 500 000 and 1.5 million

Population above 1.5 million

Rest (non metropolitan)

Number

% of national population

Number

% of national population

Number

% of national population

% of national population

AUS

Australia

6

65.7

2

7.9

4

57.8

34.3

AUT

Austria

3

47.5

2

14.7

1

32.8

52.5

BEL

Belgium

4

44.6

3

21.5

1

23.1

55.4

CAN

Canada

9

57.2

6

18.3

3

38.9

42.8

CHL

Chile

3

48.3

2

10.8

1

37.5

51.7

CZE

Czech Republic

3

29.7

2

11.5

1

18.2

70.3

DNK

Denmark

1

36.0

-

-

1

36.0

64.0

EST

Estonia

1

40.3

1

40.3

-

-

59.7

FIN

Finland

1

27.5

1

27.5

-

-

72.5

FRA

France

15

40.7

12

16.0

3

24.7

59.3

DEU

Germany

24

39.4

18

18.6

6

20.8

60.6

GRC

Greece

2

41.4

1

9.0

1

32.4

58.6

HUN

Hungary

1

29.2

-

-

1

29.2

70.9

IRL

Ireland

1

39.9

1

39.9

-

-

60.1

ITA

Italy

11

30.5

7

8.1

4

22.5

69.5

JPN

Japan

36

69.5

30

17.4

6

52.1

30.5

KOR

Korea

10

76.0

7

14.3

3

61.7

24.0

MEX

Mexico

33

52.1

26

20.2

7

31.9

47.9

NLD

Netherlands

5

37.6

4

23.0

1

14.6

62.4

NOR

Norway

1

25.5

1

25.5

-

-

74.6

POL

Poland

8

30.2

6

15.4

2

14.8

69.8

PRT

Portugal

2

40.3

1

12.6

1

27.7

59.7

SVK

Slovak Republic

1

13.5

1

13.5

-

-

86.5

SVN

Slovenia

1

28.4

1

28.4

-

-

71.6

ESP

Spain

8

37.8

6

14.3

2

23.5

62.2

SWE

Sweden

3

37.3

2

16.3

1

20.9

62.7

CHE

Switzerland

3

35.1

3

35.1

-

-

64.9

GBR

United Kingdom

15

41.1

12

15.7

3

25.3

58.9

USA

United States

70

54.7

42

13.9

28

40.8

45.3

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933364254