ANNEX B. Sources and data description

User guide: List of variables

Variables used

Page

Chapter(s)

Area

144

2

Business demography, births and deaths of enterprises

144

1

Employment at place of work and gross value added by industry

145

1

Foreign-born (migrants)

145

4

Gross domestic product (GDP)

146

1

Homicides

147

2

Household disposable income

148

2, 4

Households with broadband connection

149

2

Housing expenditures as a share of household disposable income

150

2

Income segregation in cities

151

4

Labour force, employment at place of residence by gender, unemployment

152

2

Labour force by educational attainment

152

2

Life expectancy at birth, total and by gender

153

2

Metropolitan population

154

4

Motor vehicle theft

155

2

Patents applications

155

1

PM2.5 particle concentration

155

2, 4

Population mobility among regions

156

3

Population, total, by age and gender

157

3

R&D expenditure and R&D personnel

158

1

Rooms per person (number of)

159

2

Subnational government expenditure, revenue, investment and debt

160

5

Voter turnout

160

2

Note on Israel: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

Area

Country

Source

EU24 countries1

Eurostat: General and regional statistics, demographic statistics, population and area

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), summing up SLAs

Canada

Statistics Canada http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/standard/popdwell/Table-CD-P.cfm?PR=10&T=2&SR=1&S=1&O=A

Iceland

Statistics Iceland

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics - Statistical Abstract of Israel.

Japan

Statistical Office, Area by Configuration, Gradient and Prefecture www.stat.go.jp/English/data/nenkan/1431-01.htm

Korea

Korea National Statistical Office

Mexico

Mexican Statistical Office (INEGI)

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand, data come from the report “Water Physical Stock Account 1995–2005”

Norway

Statistics Norway, StatBank table: Table: 09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)

Switzerland

Office fédéral de la statistique, ESPOP, RFP

Turkey

Eurostat: General and regional statistics, demographic statistics, population and area

United States

Census Bureau

Brazil

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estadística (IBGE)

China

National Bureau of Statistics of China

India

Statistics India (Indiastat)

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service of Russian Federation

South Africa

Statistics South Africa

1. EU24 countries : Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Business Demography, births and deaths of enterprises

Country

Source

Years Birth (Death)

Territorial level

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Counts of Australian Businesses, including Entries and Exits (Cat. 8165.0)

2015 (2015)

2

Austria

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Belgium

Statistics Belgium

2015 (2015)

2

Canada

Statistics Canada ; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2015 (2015)

2

Czech Republic

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Denmark

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2013 (2013)

3

Estonia

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2015)

3

Finland

Eurostat Regional Business Demography.

2015 (2015)

3

France

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Hungary

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Israel

CBS

2014 (2011)

3

Italy

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Japan1

Statistics Japan

2014 (2014)

3

Korea

Korean Statistical Information Service. Number of enterprises by region (Active/Births/Deaths)

2015 (2015)

3

Latvia

Central Statistical Bureau

2014 (2013)

3

Luxembourg

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2014 (2013)

3

Mexico1

INEGI

2014 (2014)

2

Netherlands

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2010 (2009)

3

New Zealand1

Statistics New Zealand

2016 (2016)

3

Norway2

Statistics Norway, Business and enterprise register

2015 (..)

3

Poland

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2010 (2009)

3

Portugal

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2015 (2014)

3

Slovak Republic

Eurostat Regional Business Demography.

2015 (2014)

3

Slovenia

Eurostat Regional Business Demography.

2010 (2010)

3

Spain

Eurostat Regional Business Demography

2014 (2013)

3

United Kingdom

Office for National Statistics-Business Demography

2015 (2015)

3

United States1

U.S. Census Bureau. Statistics of US businesses (SUSB)

2014 (2014)

2

1. For Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, and United States, data refer to establishments / local units.

2. Norway: Firm deaths are not recorded.

Employment at place of work and gross value added by industry (ISIC rev. 4)

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU23 countries1

Eurostat, Regional economic accounts, Branch accounts, Employment

2000-16

2

Australia2

Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 5220.0 - Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, and Table 6291.0.55.003 Labour Force

2000-15

2

Canada

Statistics Canada. CANSIM database, Tables 379-0028 Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices and 282-0008 Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by North American Industry Classification System

2002-16

2

Chile

Banco Central de Chile

2013

2

Iceland

n.a.

-

-

Israel

n.a.

-

-

Japan

Statistics Bureau, Economically Active Population Survey & Local Area Labour Force Survey

2009-12

2

Korea

Korean National Statistical Office - KOSIS Census on basic characteristics of establishments

2004-16

2

Mexico

INEGI. Consulta interactiva de datos www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/olap/proyectos/bd/consulta.asp?p=16859&c=17383&s=est&cl=3#

2016

2

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand. Gross domestic product by industry, per region

2000-14

2

Norway

Eurostat, Regional economic accounts, Branch accounts, Employment

2016

2

Switzerland

Federal Statistical Office FSO. Gross value added (GVA) by canton and industries (je-e-04.06.02) and Swiss Labour Force Survey - SLFS

2002-13

2

Turkey

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat). Employment data from the Household Labour Force Survey. No regional breakdown for GVA by industry.

2009-14

2

United States

Bureau of Economic Analysis. Gross Value Added by State and employment by industry (SA25, SA25N)

2000-16

2

1. EU23 countries : Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

2. Australia: Data are derived from ANZSIC and do not match the ISIC classification.

Foreign-born (migrants)

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU22 countries1

European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS, data provided by Eurostat)

2005-15

2, 3

Australia

Survey of Education and Work (SEW)

2005-15

2

Canada

Canadian Labour Force Survey

2005-15

2

Mexico

National Survey of Occupation and Labour

2005-15

2

United States

American Community Survey

2005-15

2

1. EU22 countries include Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

Gross domestic product

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU25 countries1, 2

Eurostat, Regional economic accounts

2000-16

2000-15

2

3, metropolitan areas

Australia2

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 5220.0. Gross state product, figures based on fiscal year (July-June).

2000-16

2, metropolitan areas

Canada2

Statistics Canada, Provincial economic accounts

2000-16

2001-13

2

metropolitan areas

Chile2

Banco central de Chile. Cunetas nacionales de Chile

2000-16

2, metropolitan areas

Iceland3

n.a.

-

-

Israel3

n.a.

-

-

Japan2

Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, data are based on fiscal year (April-March).

2001-14

2, 3, metropolitan areas

Korea2

Korean National Statistical Office

2000-16

2, 3, metropolitan areas

Mexico2

INEGI, System of national accounts of Mexico

2003-16

2, metropolitan areas

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand

2000-15

2,3

Norway4

Norwegian Regional Accounts

2000-16

2, 3, metropolitan areas

Switzerland2

Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Statweb

2008-15

2, 3, metropolitan areas

Turkey

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)

2004-14

2,3

United States2

Bureau of Economic Analysis

2000-16

2, metropolitan areas

1. EU25 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

2. GDP estimates at the metropolitan area level were based on TL3 data with the exception of Chile and Mexico where TL2 data were used. Metropolitan estimates for the United States were based on metropolitan areas from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, and for Canada, based on Census Metropolitan Areas from Statistics Canada. The methodology used to estimate GDP figures at metropolitan level is described in Annex C.

3. Iceland and Israel: Data not available at the regional level.

4. Norway: 2000-07 data estimated by the Secretariat to obtain long time series linked with 2008-16 series.

Homicides

Country

Source

Years

Territorial Level

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2013 (cat. no. 4510.0)

2015

2

Austria

Austria Home Office, Crime Statistics.

2016

2

Belgium

Belgian Federal Police

2016

2

Canada

Statistics Canada. CANSIM database Table 253-0001 - Homicide Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

2016

2

Chile1

INE, Chile. Undersecretariat of Crime Prevention, Ministry of Interior and Public Safety.

2016

2

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office; Police of the Czech Republic.

2016

2

Denmark

Statistics Denmark, StatBank Table STRAF11: Reported criminal offences, Homicide series

2016

2

Estonia2

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2016

3

Finland

Statistics Finland, Justice statistics

2016

2

France3

INSEE, Etat 4001 annuel, DCPJ.

2012

2

Germany

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2016

2

Greece

Hellenic Statistical Authority, Hellenic Police (offences committed) / completed and attempted action

2016

2

Hungary

Ministry of Justice, Chief Prosecutor’s Department

2016

2

Iceland

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2015

2

Ireland

CSO, StatBank Ireland, Table CJQ02: Recorded Crime Offences by Garda Region

2016

2

Israel4

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2015

2

Italy

ISTAT, crimes reported by the police forces to the judicial authority

2013

2

Japan

Criminal Statistics in 2014, National Police Agency, Publications of the Police Policy Research Center

2015

2

Korea

Korean Ministry of Justice

2016

2

Latvia

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2014

3

Mexico5

Directorate General of Government of Mexico, Public Safety and Justice Statistics

2016

2

Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands (CBS)-STATLINE

2012

2

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand, Annual Recorded Offences for the latest Calendar Years (ANZSOC)

2014

2

Norway3

Directorate of the Police of Norway (homicides) and Statistics Norway (crime against property)

2016

2

Poland6

National Police Headquarters.

2011

2

Portugal

Ministry of Justice - Directorate-General for Justice Policy

2016

2

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, regional database Datacube

2016

2

Slovenia

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2012

2

Spain

INE

2016

2

Sweden

Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå).

2014

2

Switzerland

Federal Statistical Office (FSO), Police crime statistics

2016

2

Turkey

General Directorate of Security, General Commandership of Gendarme

2013

2

United Kingdom

ONS, Crime and Justice, Table 04, Police Force Area Data Tables - Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending December 2013

2016

2

United States

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, Table 4

2016

2

Colombia

Policía Nacional, Colombia

2016

2

Lithuania

Information Technology and Communications Department under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania, Register of Criminal Offences

2015

3

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), data according to the law-enforcement authorities

2014

3

1. Chile: Figures are people who have been the victim of murder. Data based on crimes known by one police force (Carabineros de Chile).

2. Estonia and Italy: In some cases the exact place where a crime is committed is unknown. Therefore the sums of regions are not always equal with larger geographic aggregation or country total data (the latter including more crimes).

3. France and Norway: Homicides data exclude acts of terrorism and mass killing.

4. Israel: Police districts are different from CBS districts, Northern district data includes Haifa District. Some files are not included in the district data when they are managed at the national level. Homicide data include acts of terrorism.

5. Mexico: As part of the implementation of the National Census of Law Enforcement, data correspond to administrative records of deaths from homicide location occurrence, registered preliminary enquiries initiated by the Public Prosecutor of the Common Jurisdiction in each of the federal states.

6. Poland: Data include ascertained crimes from the category of homicide and infanticide in any form.

Household disposable income

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU21 countries1

Eurostat, Household income statistics, disposable income

2016

2

Australia

- Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian National Accounts, Household Income Account (cat. no. 5220.0 table 12). Gross disposable income series - Australian Bureau of Statistics, Estimates of Personal Income for Small Areas: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/DetailsPage/6524.0.55.0022011-2015?OpenDocument

2016

2016

2

Metropolitan areas

Austria

Statistics Austria, Integrated Wage and Income Tax Statistics (sent by Statistics Austria)

2013-15

Metropolitan areas

Belgium

Statistics Belgium, Total net taxable income by tax return and by municipality: https://statbel.fgov.be/fr/themes/menages/revenus-fiscaux/plus

2013-15

Metropolitan areas

Canada

- Statistics Canada. CANSIM database. Table 384-0040 - Current accounts Households, provincial and territorial

- Statistics Canada, sent by Statistics Canada

2015

2015

2

Metropolitan areas

Chile2

- National Socio-economic Survey (CASEN)

- Ministerio de Desarrollo Social, Gobierno de Chile, Encuesta CASEN : http://observatorio.ministeriodesarrollosocial.gob.cl/casen-multidimensional/casen/basedatos.php

2014

2015

2

Metropolitan areas

Denmark

Statistics Denmark, Disposable family income by municipality; Avg. equivalised disposable income in decile groups, by decile average, municipality and time: http://www.statistikbanken.dk/statbank5a/SelectTable/Omrade0.asp?SubjectCode=04&ShowNews=OFF&PLanguage=1

2014-16

Metropolitan areas

Estonia

Statistics Estonia, Number of recipients and Average monthly gross income per employee by regions and administrative units: http://pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=IM005&lang=1

2015-17

Metropolitan areas

Finland

Statistics Finland, Numbers and income of dwelling population and household-dwelling units by Municipality, Year and Data : http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/en/StatFin/StatFin__tul__tjkt/statfin_tjkt_pxt_001.px/?rxid=97f42fff-900d-4ede-bb39-1dab702e3f82

2015-16

Metropolitan areas

France

INSEE, Dispositif Fichier Localisé social et fiscal, Distribution des niveaux de vie et composition du revenu disponible: https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/3126432

2012-14

Metropolitan areas

Germany

Statistische Ämte des Bundes und der Länder, Lohn und Einkommenssteuer : https://www.govdata.de/sr_RS_latin/web/guest/daten/-/details/stlae-service-73111-01-01-5

2013

Metropolitan areas

Hungary

Hungarian Ministry of Finance. Net personal income per municipality (data provided by Hungarian Ministry of Finance)

2014-16

Metropolitan areas

Iceland2

n.a.

-

-

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics- Income Survey

2015

2

Italy

Ministry of Economy and Finance, Dichiarazioni fiscali: http://www1.finanze.gov.it/finanze3/pagina_dichiarazioni/dichiarazioni.php

2014-16

Metropolitan areas

Japan

Statistics Bureau of Japan, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

2013

2

Korea

Statistics Korea, KOSIS database - Korean Regional Accounts

2015

2

Mexico2

- INEGI, Household Income and Expenditure National Survey Socioeconomic Conditions Module (MCS) - CONEVAL (Consejo Nacional de Evaluacion de la Politica de Desarrollo Social), Ingreso corriente total per cápita (ICTPC) mensual promedio, por municipio (sent by CONEVAL)

2016

2015

2

Metropolitan areas

Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands, Huishoudensinkomen naar postcode: https://www.cbs.nl/nl-nl/maatwerk/2018/15/huishoudensinkomen-naar-postcode4-2014-2015

2014-15

Metropolitan areas

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand. Household income by region

2016

2

Norway

- Statistics Norway, Regional Accounts. Table: 09797: Households’ income

- Statistics Norway, Tax statistics for individual tax payers: https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/table/05854?rxid=33b51e87-8ceb-4b4e-943b-98942afa6081

Income intervals, by gender. Number of residents 17 years and older:

https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/table/08411/?rxid=4f133c74-017f-4b49-bb77-a2867e8b2f12

2016

2014-16

2

Metropolitan areas

Sweden

Statistics Sweden, Income and Tax Statistics: http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__HE__HE0110__HE0110A/SamForvInk1/?rxid=660355cb-8963-4b2b-a355-c531348d6192

2014-16

Metropolitan areas

Switzerland2

n.a.

-

-

Turkey

n.a.

-

-

United Kingdom

Office for National Statistics, Small area income estimates for middle layer super output areas, England & Wales: https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/earningsandworkinghours/datasets/smallareaincomeestimatesformiddlelayersuperoutputareasenglandandwales

2014;16

Metropolitan areas

United States

- U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Table SA51 Disposable Personal Income American Community Survey

- United States Census Bureau, Aggregate household income in the past 12 months, 5-year estimates: https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_16_5YR_B19025&prodType=table

2016

2015-16

2

Metropolitan areas

The disposable income of private households is derived from the balance of primary income by adding all current transfers from the government, except social transfers in kind and subtracting current transfers from the households such as income taxes, regular taxes on wealth, regular inter-household cash transfers and social contributions. The disposable income of households does not take into account in kind social transfers to households. A preferable measure of the material condition of households at regional level could be ‘adjusted disposable income’ which also reallocates income from government and non-profit institutions benefitting households, through expenditure on individual goods and services such as health, education and social housing (in-kind expenditure). Interregional disparities in terms of adjusted household income could shed light on possible areas of social exclusion, material deprivation and lack of access to essential services.

1. EU21 countries. Latest year available: 2016 for Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy and Slovenia; 2015 for Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom; 2014 for Belgium.

2. Iceland and Switzerland: data are not available at the regional level.

Households with an Internet broadband connection

Country

Source

Year

Territorial Level

EU20 countries1

Eurostat, Regional information society statistics, table isoc_r_broad_h

2017

2

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Household Use of Information Technology, Australia, 2012-13 (cat. no. 8146.0), Financial year

2015

2

Canada

Statistics Canada, CANSIM (database), Table 203 00272 Survey of household spending (SHS)

2015

2

Chile

INE, Chile, National Statistical Institute

2013

2

Iceland

Statistics Iceland. Internet connections and access devices in households 2003-12, broadband connection

2012

2

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel, Household expenditure survey, Table 16

2015

2

Japan

Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan

2015

2

Korea

Korean Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning - Survey on the Internet Usage (MSIP, KISA)

2016

2

Mexico

INEGI-Módulo, Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households (MODUTIH)

2016

2

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand: The household Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Survey

2012

2

Switzerland

Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland (FSO). 2006-11 : Enquête sur le budget des ménages (EBM) Société de l’information - Internet haut débit - Indicateur 30107 ; 2014 Omnibus TIC

2017

2

Turkey

Eurostat, Regional information society statistics, table isoc_r_broad_h

2013

2

United States

Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, table S1501

2015

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), sample survey on budget of households

2015

2

Tunisia

INS

2014

2

South Africa

Statistics South Africa, General Household Survey

2013

2

1. EU20 refers to Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

Housing expenditure as a share of household disposable income

Country

Source

Year

Territorial level

Australia

Australia Bureau Statisitics; Table 4130.0

2015

2

Austria

Statistics Austria, EU-SILC

2015

2

Belgium

Household Budget Survey

2014

2

Canada

Statistics Canada; CANSIM, Table 203-0022

2016

2

Chile

n.a.

-

-

Czech Republic

n.a.

-

-

Denmark

Statistics Denmark; Household Budget Survey, Tables FU51 and FU6

2016

2

Finland

Statistics Finland; Table ktutk_003_201600

2016

2

France

n.a.

-

-

Germany

n.a.

-

-

Greece

n.a.

-

-

Hungary

Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Representative household survey

2015

2

Iceland

n.a.

-

-

Ireland

Household Budget Survey, Tables HS067 and HS068

2015

2

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel, Household Expenditure survey

2015

2

Italy

OECD estimates based on ISTAT - Household Budget Survey

2015

2

Japan

OECD estimates based on Monthly spending on housing data, Table 11

2013

2

Korea

n.a.

-

-

Mexico

n.a.

-

-

Netherlands

n.a.

-

-

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand

2013

North/South Islands

Norway

OECD estimates based on Statistics Norway - Survey on Consumer Expenditure

2012

2

Poland

Household Budget Survey

2013

2

Portugal

Statistics Portugal, Household Budget Survey

2011

2

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the SR, Household Budget Survey

2016

2

Slovenia

n.a.

-

-

Spain

OECD estimates based on INE - Household Budget Survey; Table-10722

2015

2

Sweden

n.a.

-

-

Switzerland

Household Budget Survey (3-year-pooled sample)

2013

2

Turkey

Household Budget Survey

2013

2

United Kingdom

Office for National Statistics; Table A35

2016

2

United States

n.a.

-

-

Income segregation in cities

Country

Census authority

Years

Areal unit definition

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census DataPacks - http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/datapacks

2010-15

Statistical Area level 1

Brazil

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografía e Estatística.

2010

Setores Censitarios

Canada

Statistics Canada - National Household Survey.

2011

2016

Census tract and district

Denmark

Dansk Demografisk Database.

2013

Sogne

France

Institut National de la Statistique et des études économique.

2006-14

IRIS and municipality

Ireland

Central Statistics Office.

2006-16

Census enumeration area

Mexico

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI)

2000

AGEB

Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands.

2008

Neighbourhood

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand.

2001-13

Mesh block / area unit

South Africa

Statistics South Africa

2011

Small Area

United Kingdom

Office for National Statistics. Data file

2001-11

Output areas

United States

U.S. Census Bureau.

2000-10

Census tract

United States

  • 2016 data file: U.S. Census Bureau - American Community Survey (5-year estimates)

2016

Census tract

Labour force, employment at place of residence by gender, unemployment

Country

Source

Year

Territorial level

EU21 countries1

Eurostat, Regional Labour Market statistics (reg_lmk)

2000-17

2

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics; Table 6291.0.55.001

2000-17

2

Canada

Statistics Canada; CANSIM, Table 282-0002

2000-17

2

Chile

INE, New National Employment Survey

2010-16

2

Iceland

Statistics Iceland

2000-15

2

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2000-16

2

Japan

Statistics Bureau of Japan, Labour Force Survey

2001-15

2

Korea

Statistics Korea, Economically Active Population Survey & Local Area Labour Force Survey

2000-16

2

Mexico

INEGI, National Survey of Occupation and Employment

2000-16

2

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand, Household Labour Force Survey

2000-16

2

Norway

Statistics Norway

2000-17

2

Switzerland

Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland, Structural Labour Force Survey

2000-17

2

Turkey

TURKSTAT, Household Labour Force Survey Revised Results

2008-17

2

United States

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics program

2000-17

2

Colombia

DANE, Great integrated Household Survey

2001-16

2

Peru

National Institute of Statistics and Informatics, National Household Survey

2001-14

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service, Labour force Survey

2000-15

2

South Africa

Statistics South Africa; Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Table P0211

2000-14

2

Tunisia

INS

2014

2

1. EU21 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

2. New Zealand: Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay combined (NZ016 included in NZ015) and Tasman / Nelson/ Marlborough / West Coast combined (NZ022 included in NZ021).

Labour force by educational attainment

Country

Source

Year

Territorial Level

EU24 countries1, plus Norway and Switzerland

Eurostat, Labour Force Survey, Regional education statistics

2000-17

2

Australia2

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Table 6227.0 Education and Work, LFS

2010-15

2

Canada3

Statistics Canada. CANSIM (database), Table 282-0004 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by educational attainment, gender and age group, annual

2000-16

2

Chile4

INE Chile, New National Employment Survey

2009-15

2

Iceland7

Statistics Iceland Labour force survey. Educational attainment of the population 25-64 years old

2003-12

2

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2000-16

2

Japan7

Statistics Bureau, 1990, 2000 and 2010 Population Census

2000-10

2

Korea2

KOSIS, Economically Active Population Survey

2000-16

2

Mexico

INEGI, National Population and Housing Censuses

2000-15

2

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand. Household Labour Force Survey

2000-16

2

Turkey5

TURKSTAT, Household Labour Force Survey Revised Results

2006-17

2

United States6

Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, table S1501

2000-16

2

Colombia

DANE, Great integrated household survey (GEIH for its acronym in Spanish)

2005-16

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), Labour force Survey, population in age 15-72 years old

2000-15

2

South Africa

Statistics South Africa, General Household Survey

2002-15

2

Tunisia

INS

2014

2

1. EU24 refers to Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland). Data refer to the labour force aged 15 and over. Denmark 2007-17; Finland and Italy 2005-17; Slovenia 2010-17.

2. Australia and Korea: Data refer to total labour force.

3. Canada: Data refer to the labour force aged 15 and over.

4. Chile and Mexico: Data refer to the population aged 15 and over.

5. Turkey: Illiterate people are included in the ISCED 0-2.

6. United States: Data refer to the population aged 18 and over.

7. Total labour force educational attainment includes persons not classified by level of education.

Life expectancy at birth, total and by gender

Country

Source

Year

Territorial level

EU91

Eurostat, Regional Demographic Statistics

2015

2

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics; Table 3302.0

2015

2

Austria

Statistics Austria

2016

2

Canada2

Statistics Canada; CANSIM, Table 053-0003

2014

2

Chile

INE

2016

2

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office

2016

2

Denmark

Statistics Denmark; Table HISBR

2015

2

Estonia

Statistics Estonia; Table PO0452

2015

3

Finland

Statistics Finland

2015

2

Germany

Federal Office of Germany and the Statistical Offices of the Federal States

2015

2

Greece

Hellenic Statistical Authority

2015

2

Hungary

Hungarian Central Statistical Office

2015

2

Iceland3

n.a.

-

-

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics

2016

2

Italy

Istat; Table P.5

2015

2

Japan4

Statistics Bureau of Japan, MIC, Population Census

2010

2

Korea

Statistics Korea; Kosis, Life tables by Provinces

2014

2

Mexico5

National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI)

2016

2

New Zealand6

Statistics New Zealand

2013

2

Poland

Central Statistical Office of Poland

2015

2

Portugal

Statistics Portugal

2016

2

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the SR

2015

2

Spain7

INE

2016

2

Turkey

Eurostat, Regional Demographic Statistics

2015

2

United States8

Measure of America

2010

2

Colombia

DANE

2016

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service

2015

2

1. EU9 refers to Belgium, France (mainland with 22 regions), Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland).

2. Canada: Rates used in this table for the calculation of life expectancy are calculated with data that exclude: births to mothers not resident in Canada, births to mothers resident in Canada, province or territory of residence unknown, deaths of non-residents of Canada, deaths of residents of Canada whose province or territory of residence was unknown and deaths for which age or gender of deceased person was unknown. Rates used in this table for the calculation of life expectancy are based on data tabulated by place of residence. Life expectancy for the Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut should be interpreted with caution due to small underlying counts.

3. Iceland: Data not available at the regional level.

4. Japan: TL2 data computed as the average value of TL3 regions.

5. Mexico: 2011-13: CONAPO. Population forecast 2010-50, www.conapo.gob.mx.

6. New Zealand: Life expectancy data presented for each year is based on registered deaths in the three years centred on that year. New Zealand life expectancy from abridged life tables. This may differ from data from complete life tables.

7. Spain: Data exclude Ceuta and Melilla

8. United States: 2010 data source is Measure of America calculations using mortality counts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Mortality – All County Micro-Data File, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Population counts are from the CDC WONDER Database.

Metropolitan population

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU22 countries1

Australia

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC); Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN (2015): GHS population grid, derived from GPW4, multitemporal (1975, 1990, 2000, 2015). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/jrc-ghsl-ghs_pop_gpw4_globe_r2015a

2014

FUA, Metropolitan area

Canada

Chile

Japan

Korea

Mexico

Norway

Switzerland

United States

Colombia

Population in metropolitan areas is estimated by adding the population per square kilometre (of the GHS population grid) within the metropolitan boundaries.

1. EU22 countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom

Motor vehicle theft

Country

Source

Year

Territorial Level

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia (cat. no. 4510.0)

2015

2

Austria

Statistics Austria, Crime Statistics

2016

2

Belgium

Belgian Federal Police

2016

2

Canada1

Statistics Canada. CANSIM database, Table 252-0051

2016

2

Chile2

INE, Chile. Undersecretariat of Crime Prevention, Ministry of Interior and Public Safety.

2016

2

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office CZSO, Police of the Czech Republic

2016

2

Germany

Federal Criminal Office, Spatial Monitoring of the BBSR. German Police Crime Statistics (PCS)

2016

2

Denmark

Statistics Denmark, StatBank Table STRAF11: Reported criminal offences, Theft of vehicles series

2016

2

Estonia

Estonian Ministry of Justice

2016

2

Finland

Statistics Finland, Justice statistics

2016

2

France3

INSEE, Etat 4001 annuel, DCPJ.

2016

2

Greece

n.a.

2016

2

Hungary

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2016

2

Ireland

CSO, StatBank Ireland. Table CJQ02: Recorded Crime Offences by Garda Region

2016

2

Iceland

n.a.

-

-

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2016

2

Italy

ISTAT. Crimes reported by the police forces to the judicial authority MetaData : Crimes in total by type of crime

2013

2

Japan

National Police Agency Criminal Statistics. Publications of the Police Policy Research Center

2015

2

Korea

n.a.

-

-

Latvia

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2015

2

Luxembourg

n.a.

-

-

Mexico

INEGI National Census, State Justice Attorney data

2015

2

New Zealand4

Statistics New Zealand, Annual Recorded Offences for the latest Calendar Years (ANZSOC)

2014

2

Netherlands

n.a.

-

-

Norway

n.a.

-

-

Poland

National Police Headquarters of Poland

2016

2

Portugal

Ministry of Justice of Portugal - Directorate-General for Justice Policy, motor vehicle theft crimes recorded by the police.

2014

2

Slovak Republic5

Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, regional database

2014

2

Slovenia

OECD Regional Questionnaire; information provided by the delegate of the Working Party of Territorial Indicators (WPTI)

2012

2

Spain

National Institute of Statistics / Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE)

2016

2

Sweden

Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå).

2014

2

Switzerland6

Federal Statistical Office (FSO). Police crime statistics

2016

2

Turkey

General Directorate of Security, General Commandership of Gendarme

2016

2

United Kingdom

n.a.

-

-

United States

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States. Table 4, by Region, Geographic Division and State

2013

2

Colombia

Policía Nacional, Colombia

2016

2

Peru

Ministerio del Interior - Oficina Estadística de la Policía Nacional del Perú y Dirección General de Gestión en Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación.

2016

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), datra according to the law-enforcement authorities

2014

2

1. Canada: total theft of motor vehicle, actual incidents.

2. Chile: data based on crimes known by police (called “casos policiales” in Spanish) excluding motor attempted theft of vehicles.

3. France: data includes car theft (index 35), theft of motor vehicles with two wheels (index 36) and theft of vehicles with cargo (index 34). Some motor vehicle thefts are recorded by the corresponding national institutions (such as central offices) of the police and gendarmerie. These thefts are not registered in a particular TL3 region, thus the national total does not fully correspond with the sum of the TL3 regions.

4. New Zealand: the number of offences police recorded for theft or unlawful taking of a motor vehicle. This includes instances where a vehicle is taken for a joy ride and later recovered, as well as instances where vehicles are taken permanently.

5. Slovak Republic: since 2005, data on NUTS 1 level do not necessarily match the sum of NUTS 2 level data because NUTS 1 data also include regionally unspecified offences recorded by Railway Police, Military Police, Corps of Prison and Court Guard, and Customs Director.

6. Switzerland: from 2009, police statistics on crime have been revised and are thus not comparable to the old police statistics; this translates into a break in series between 2008 and 2009.

Patents

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

All countries1, 2

OECD REGPAT Database

1990-2015

2 and 3

1. The OECD REGPAT Database presents patent data that have been linked to regions according to the addresses of the applicants and inventors. For more information on the database, see: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/22/19/40794372.pdf.

2. A patent is generally granted by a national patent office or by a regional office that does the work for a number of countries, such as the European Patent Office and the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization. Under such regional systems, an applicant requests protection for the invention in one or more countries, and each country decides whether to offer patent protection within its borders. In this publication the patent data come from the WIPO-administered Patent Co-operation Treaty (PCT) which provides for the filing of a single international patent application that has the same effect as national applications filed in the designated countries. An applicant seeking protection may file one application and request protection in as many signatory states as needed.

More info on PCT: www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/pct/en/basic_facts/faqs_about_the_pct.pdf.

PM2.5 particles concentration

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

All countries

Data collected from OECD (2017) “Exposure to Air Pollution”, OECD Environment Statistics (database) https://doi.org/10.1787/96171c76-en, data computation based on van Donkelaar, A., R.V Martin, M.Brauer, N. C. Hsu, R. A. Kahn, R. C Levy, A. Lyapustin, A. M. Sayer, and D. M Winker (2016), “Global Estimates of Fine Particulate Matter using a Combined Geophysical-Statistical Method with Information from Satellites, Models, and Monitors”, Environ. Sci. Technol, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.5b05833

2000-15

2, metropolitan areas

Population mobility among regions (total and young)

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

Australia1

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), ABS.Stat

2013-15

3

Austria

Statistics Austria, Migration statistics

2014-16

3

Belgium

FPS Economie/Statistics Belgium

2013-15

3

Canada

Statistics Canada. Cansim Table 051-0012

2014-16

2

Chile6

n.a.

-

-

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office CZSO

2014-16

3

Denmark

Statistics Denmark, StatBank, table FLY55

2014-16

3

Estonia

Statistics Estonia, Statistical database, table POR06

2013-15

3

Finland

Statistics Finland, Population Statistics, Migration

2014-16

3

France6

n.a.

-

-

Germany

Spatial Monitoring System of the BBSR. Periodic update of population statistics by the Federal Office of Germany and the Statistical Offices of the Federal States

2013-15

3

Greece

Hellenic Statistical Authority. Population-Housing Census (2001, 2011)

2011

3

Hungary

HCSO, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, Internal migration statistics based on the registration system of home addresses

2014-16

3

Iceland

Statistics Iceland, Internal migration

2012-14

3

Ireland6

n.a.

-

-

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2014-16

2

Italy

Istat, Iscrizioni e cancellazioni anagrafiche (changes of residence from/to italian municipalities)

2011-13

3

Japan

Statistics Bureau, Migrants by prefecture derived from the Basic Resident Registers

2014-16

3

Korea2

Statistics Korea, KOSIS database - Internal Migration Statistics

2014-16

3

Latvia

Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

2013-15

3

Lithuania

Statistics Lithuania, Data sources – the State Enterprise Centre of Registers, the Population Register; the Ministry of the Interior.

2013-15

3

Mexico

INEGI. Censo de población y vivienda 2010

2015

3

Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands on Statline

2008-10

2

New Zealand6

Statistics New Zealand. Census of Population and Dwellings

2013

3

Norway

Statistics Norway. Statbank, table 01222: Population change (M)

2013-15

3

Poland

Central Statistical Office of Poland, PESEL register

2014-16

3

Portugal3

Statistics Portugal (INE), Census 2001 and 2011

2011

3

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the SR

2014-16

3

Slovenia

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, Ministry of the Interior - Central Population Register, Ministry of the Interior - Administrative Internal Affairs Directorate

2009-11

3

Spain

INE - Data provided by the delegate of the OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2014-16

3

Sweden

Statistics Sweden, Central Office for Administrative and Electronic Public Services registration system

2014-16

3

Switzerland

Swiss Federal Statistical Office, 1990 to 2010: Annual Population Statistics (ESPOP), from 2011 onwards: Population and Households Statistics (STATPOP)

2014-16

3

Turkey

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat), Address Based Population Registration System

2013-15

3

United Kingdom4, 7

National Statistical Office, Population Estimates

2013-15

3

United States5

Secretariat’s calculation using Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Individual Master File, Statistics of Income.

2009-11

3

Brazil

IBGE, 1991, 2000 e 2010 Census, 2004-13: Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios - PNAD

2011-13

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) calculations based on Federal Migration Service data

2013-15

2

Data refer to domestic migration: inflows and outflows of population from one region to another region of the same country. They do not include international immigration and outmigration.

1. Australia: Regional internal migration covers the movement of people from one location to another within Australia. Regional internal migration estimates (RIME) are prepared for sub-state regions and captures moves over each financial year on an annual basis.

2. Korea: Sejong Province, new province created as of August 2012. Due to limited data availability, Sejong data have been aggregated in Chungcheongnam-do (KR053).

3. Portugal: 2011 census micro-data refer to flows between 31 December 2009 and 21 March 2011.

4. United Kingdom: data do not include Scotland and Northern Ireland.

5. United States: Secretariat’s computation of inflows and outflows at TL3 level by aggregating county-to-county bilateral migration data from the IRS Individual Master File system, based on tax filing units. www.irs.gov/uac/SOI-Tax-Stats-County-to-County-Migration-Data-Files.

6. Chile, France and Ireland data not available at regional level.

7. Scotland and Northern Ireland not included in young immigrants data at regional level.

Population: Total, by age and gender

Country

Source

Years

Territorial Level

EU25 countries1

Eurostat, regional statistics, population at 1 January, table demo_r_pjangrp3

2000-17

3

Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 3235.0, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia (ASGS 2011), population at 30 June

2001-16

3

Canada

Statistics Canada. CansimTable 051-0062. Population Estimates based on Standard Geographical Classification 2011, population at 1 July

2000-16

3

Chile1

INE, Chile. Population projection and estimates by sex and age. 1990-2020, average annual population

2000-17

3

Iceland

Statistics Iceland, population at 1 of January by municipality

2000-16

3

Israel2

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2000-17

3

Japan

Statistics Bureau, Current Population Estimates as of 1 October

2001-16

3

Korea

Statistics Korea, KOSIS database, yearly average projected population by age, population at 1 October

2001-16

3

Mexico

INEGI, mid-year estimates, Population and Housing Census (1990,95,00,05,2010), OECD estimates for inter-census years. As from 2011 data are based on population projection, population at 30 June

2000-10

3

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand, Population Statistics. Boundaries at 1 January 2013. NZ.DOTSTAT (Tablecode 7501), population at 30 June

2000-16

3

Norway

Statistics Norway, population at 1 January; 2014 data collected from Eurostat

2000-17

3

Switzerland2

Swiss Federal Statistical Office: from Dec-2010 onwards (Population and Households Statistics (STATPOP) ; Dec-1990 to Dec-2009: Annual Population Statistics (ESPOP); break in series between 2010 and 2011

2000-17

3

Turkey1, 2

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat). The source of 2007-17 data is Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) and de jure population

2001-13

3

United States

United States Census Bureau - State and County Population Estimates, Table PEPAGESEX, population at 1 July

2000-16

3

Brazil

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, IBGE, census 1991, 2000, 2010

2004-14

2

China

China Statistical database - Age composition and dependency ratio of population table

2000-14

2

Colombia

DANE. Estimation of population 1985-2005 and projection of population 2005-2020 by department.

2000-16

2

Lithuania

Eurostat regional statistics, population on 1 January, table demo_r_pjangrp3

2000-17

3

Peru

2000-15

2

Russian Federation

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). Number of de-jure (resident) population on subjects of the Russian Federation

2000-15

2

Tunisia

Statistiques Tunisie (INS)

2001-16

3

South Africa

Statistics South Africa, population estimates for the period 2002-2017 based on 2011 Census

2002-15

2

1. First available year for population by age: Chile and Romania; 2002; Netherlands 2003; Turkey 2008

2. Population at 31 December restated at 1 January of the following year by the OECD.

Research and development (R&D) expenditure and personnel

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

EU251

Eurostat, Regional Science and technology Statistics, R&D expenditures and personnel, Total intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sector of performance and region.

2001-15

2

Australia2, 3

Australian Bureau of Statistics, tables:

8104.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Businesses

8109.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Government and Private Non-Profit Organisations

8111.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations

2000-15

2

Canada2

Statistics Canada. CANSIM database, Table 358-0001 - Gross domestic expenditures on research and development, by performer sector

2000-15

2

Chile2

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE) Chile,

Survey of Expenditure and Personnel in R&D

2009-16

2

Iceland

n.a.

-

-

Israel2

Central Bureau of Statistics

2007-08

2

Japan

n.a.

-

-

Korea2

Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP)

2000-16

2

Mexico

n.a.

-

-

New Zealand

n.a.

-

-

Norway

Eurostat, Regional Science and Technology Statistics, R&D expenditures and personnel, Total intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sector of perform qance and region.

2001-15

2

Switzerland

Eurostat, Regional Science and Technology Statistics, R&D expenditures and personnel, Total intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sector of performance and region.

2008;2012

2

Turkey

n.a.

-

-

United States

National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. Science and Engineering State Profiles www.nsf.gov/statistics/states/#ui-tabs-4.

2000-14

2

Methodology source: OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development, The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264239012-en. Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GERD) is the total domestic expenditure on R&D performed in the region or country during a given period. GERD is disaggregated in four sectors: business enterprise, government, higher education and private and non-profit. The Business Enterprise sector includes all firms, organisations and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price. It also includes the private non-profit institutions mainly serving the above mentioned firms, organisations and institutions. The Government sector includes all departments, offices and other bodies that provide, but normally do not sell to the community, those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided, as well as those that administer the state and the economic and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). It also includes non-profit institutions controlled and mainly financed by government, but not administered by the higher education sector. The higher education sector is comprehensive of all universities, colleges of technology and other institutions of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education institutions. The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving the general public, private individuals and households.

1. EU-25 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. First available year: 2001 for Czech Republic; 2002 for Austria, Belgium and Ireland; 2003 for Germany and Slovenia, 2005 for Netherlands and United Kingdom; 2007 for Denmark.

2. Data collected from OECD, Research and Development Statistics Database, http://oe.cd/rds, April 2018.

3. Australia: 2015 R&D Business expenditures for Australia refer to the 2015-16 fiscal year.

4. Switzerland: only Business R&D expenditure.

Rooms per person (number of)

Country

Source

Year

Territorial level

Australia

Australia Bureau of Statistics, table 4130.0

2016

2

Austria

Statistics Austria, Microcensus Housing Survey

2016

2

Belgium

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2012

2

Canada

Statistics Canada

2011

2

Chile

n.a.

2002

-

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office, EU SILC

2016

2

Denmark

OECD Regional Questionnaire / information provided by the delegate of the Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2014

2

Finland

Statistics Finland,

2012

2

France

Insee, Population census

2010

2

Germany

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2016

2

Greece

Hellenic Statistical Authority, Population - Housing Census

2011

NUTS 1

Hungary

Hungarian Central Statistical Office, Population micro-census.

2016

2

Iceland

n.a.

-

-

Ireland

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2012

2

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2016

2

Italy

ISTAT, Population and housing Census

2011

2

Japan

Statistics Bureau of Japan

2013

2

Korea

Statistics Korea, Housing Census General

2010

2

Mexico

National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI)

2015

2

Netherlands

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

-

-

New Zealand

Statistics New Zealand

2013

2

Norway

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2012

2

Poland

OECD estimates based on Central Statistical Office - dwelling stock by location

2012

2

Portugal

Statistics Portugal, Population and housing census

2011

2

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the SR, Household Budget Survey

2016

2

Slovenia

Information provided by the delegate of the Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2012

2

Spain

National Institute of Statistics / Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). Survey of Living Conditions (LFS)

2016

2

Sweden

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2012

2

Switzerland

Federal Statistical Office, GWS

2015

2

Turkey

Information provided by the delegate of the Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2014

2

United Kingdom (1)

Eurostat, Regional Statistics

2011

2

United States

OECD estimates based on American Community Survey (ACS), Tables B25017 and B25008

2016

2

Tunisia

INS

2014

2

1. United Kingdom: Regional values available except for Scotland

Subnational government expenditure, revenue, investment and debt

Country

Source

Years

Territorial level

All countries1, 2, 3, 4, 5

OECD National Accounts

2016

-

1. Data at country level are derived mainly from the OECD National Accounts harmonised according to the new standards of the System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. They are complemented by data from Eurostat, IMF (Chile) and national statistical institutes for some countries or indicators (in particular, territorial organisation). Subnational government is defined here as the sum (non-consolidated) of subsectors S 1312 (federated government) and S 1313 (local government).

2. Total public expenditure comprises current expenditure (compensation of employees, intermediate consumption, social expenditure, subsidies and other current transfers, taxes, financial charges, adjustments) and capital expenditure (investments plus capital transfers (i.e. investment grants and subsidies in cash or in kind made by subnational governments to other institutional units).

3. Total public revenue comprises tax revenue (see below), transfers (current and capital grants and subsidies), tariffs and fees, property income and social contributions.

Tax revenue comprises taxes on production and imports (D2), current taxes on income and wealth (D5) and capital taxes (D91). It includes both own-source tax revenue (or “autonomous”) and tax revenue shared between central and subnational governments. NB: the SNA 2008 has introduced some changes concerning the classification of some shared tax revenues. In several countries, certain tax receipts have been recently reclassified as transfers and no longer as shared taxes.

4. Public investment includes gross capital formation and acquisitions, less disposals of non-financial non-produced assets. Gross fixed capital formation (or fixed investment) is the main component of investments. NB: since the new standards of the SNA 2008, expenditures on research and development and weapons systems are included in gross fixed capital formation.

5. The General Government gross debt definition based on the SNA 2008, includes the sum of the following liabilities: currency and deposits + debt securities + loans + Insurance pension and standardised guarantees + other accounts payable. Most debt instruments are valued at market prices. NB: the OECD definition differs from the one defined in the EU Maastricht protocol which is restricted to the sum of the first three items (i.e. mainly borrowing).

Voter turnout

Country

Source

Last Year

Territorial level

Australia

Australian Electoral Commission. Federal election

2016

2

Austria

Austrian Federal ministry of interior, parliamentary elections

2013

2, 3

Belgium

Federal Portal of Belgium. Parliamentary elections

2014

2

Canada

Elections Canada, Election Results 19 October 2015 - enr.elections.ca

2015

2

Chile

INE, Chile. Electoral service (Servel)

2013

2

Czech Republic

Czech Statistical Office CZSO, Results of Election to the Chamber of Deputies of the parliament

2013

2, 3

Denmark

Danish general election - http://electionresources.org/dk/data

2015

2, 3

Finland

Statistics Finland, Presidential elections, second round

2012

2

Germany

Data sent by the German delegate of the OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators, German Federal election

2013

2

Greece

Ministry of Interior, Parliamentary Elections 2012 - www.ypes.gr/en/Elections/

2012

2

Hungary

Hungarian National Election Office

2014

2, 3

Iceland

Results of general elections - www.statice.is/statistics/population/elections/general-elections

2013

2, 3

Ireland

Houses of the Oireachtas - www.oireachtas.ie

2011

2, 3

Israel

Central Bureau of Statistics Israel

2015

2, 3

Italy

Ministero dell’interno, Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali. Servizi Elettorali

2013

2

Japan

Statistics Bureau (2014: Representatives elections)

2014

2, 3

Korea

Korean National Election Commission

2012

2, 3

Mexico

INEGI, general elections

2015

2

Netherlands

Dutch Electoral Council (Kiesraad) - www.kiesraad.nl

2012

2

Norway

Statistics Norway

2017

2, 3

Poland

Central Statistical Office of Poland, National Election Commission

2015

2

Portugal

Ministry of Internal Administration of Portugal- Directorate-General of Internal Administration

2015

2, 3

Slovak Republic

Statistical Office of the SR

2016

2, 3

Slovenia

Republic of Slovenia Early elections for deputies to the National Assembly

2014

2

Spain

INE

2016

2, 3

Sweden

Swedish Election Authority

2014

2, 3

Switzerland

Statistique suisse - www.politik-stat.ch/nrw2015wb_fr.html

2015

2, 3

Turkey

Data sent by the Turkish delegate of the OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2015

2, 3

United Kingdom

Data sent by the UK delegate of the OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators

2015

2

United States

US Census. Reported Voting and Registration of the Citizen Voting-Age Population

2016

2

End of the section – Back to iLibrary publication page